X448 (7ssl) - Linux Manuals

X448: EVP_PKEY X25519 and X448 support


X25519, X448 - EVP_PKEY X25519 and X448 support


The X25519 and X448 EVP_PKEY implementation supports key generation and key derivation using X25519 and X448. It has associated private and public key formats compatible with draft-ietf-curdle-pkix-03.

No additional parameters can be set during key generation.

The peer public key must be set using EVP_PKEY_derive_set_peer() when performing key derivation.


A context for the X25519 algorithm can be obtained by calling:

 EVP_PKEY_CTX *pctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new_id(EVP_PKEY_X25519, NULL);

For the X448 algorithm a context can be obtained by calling:


X25519 or X448 private keys can be set directly using EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key(3) or loaded from a PKCS#8 private key file using PEM_read_bio_PrivateKey(3) (or similar function). Completely new keys can also be generated (see the example below). Setting a private key also sets the associated public key.

X25519 or X448 public keys can be set directly using EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key(3) or loaded from a SubjectPublicKeyInfo structure in a PEM file using PEM_read_bio_PUBKEY(3) (or similar function).


This example generates an X25519 private key and writes it to standard output in PEM format:

 #include <openssl/evp.h>
 #include <openssl/pem.h>
 EVP_PKEY *pkey = NULL;
 EVP_PKEY_CTX *pctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new_id(EVP_PKEY_X25519, NULL);
 EVP_PKEY_keygen(pctx, &pkey);
 PEM_write_PrivateKey(stdout, pkey, NULL, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);

The key derivation example in EVP_PKEY_derive(3) can be used with X25519 and X448.


Copyright 2017-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the ``License''). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.