tc-vlan (8) - Linux Manuals

tc-vlan: vlan manipulation module


vlan - vlan manipulation module


tc ... action vlan { pop | pop_eth | PUSH | MODIFY | PUSH_ETH } [ CONTROL ]

PUSH := push [ protocol VLANPROTO ] [ priority VLANPRIO ] id VLANID

MODIFY := modify [ protocol VLANPROTO ] [ priority VLANPRIO ] id VLANID

PUSH_ETH := push_eth dst_mac LLADDR src_mac LLADDR

CONTROL := { reclassify | pipe | drop | continue | pass | goto chain CHAIN_INDEX }


The vlan action allows to perform 802.1Q en- or decapsulation on a packet, reflected by the operation modes POP, PUSH and MODIFY. The POP mode is simple, as no further information is required to just drop the outer-most VLAN encapsulation. The PUSH and MODIFY modes require at least a VLANID and allow to optionally choose the VLANPROTO to use.

The vlan action can also be used to add or remove the base Ethernet header. The pop_eth mode, which takes no argument, is used to remove the base Ethernet header. All existing VLANs must have been previously dropped. The opposite operation, adding a base Ethernet header, is done with the push_eth mode. In that case, the packet must have no MAC header (stacking MAC headers is not permitted). This mode is mostly useful when a previous action has encapsulated the whole original frame behind a network header and one needs to prepend an Ethernet header before forwarding the resulting packet.


Decapsulation mode, no further arguments allowed.
Encapsulation mode. Requires at least id option.
Replace mode. Existing 802.1Q tag is replaced. Requires at least id option.
Ethernet header decapsulation mode. Only works on a plain Ethernet header: VLANs, if any, must be removed first.
Ethernet header encapsulation mode. The Ethertype is automatically set using the network header type. Chaining Ethernet headers is not allowed: the packet must have no MAC header when using this mode. Requires the dst_mac and src_mac options.
Specify the VLAN ID to encapsulate into. VLANID is an unsigned 16bit integer, the format is detected automatically (e.g. prefix with '0x' for hexadecimal interpretation, etc.).
protocol VLANPROTO
Choose the VLAN protocol to use. At the time of writing, the kernel accepts only 802.1Q or 802.1ad.
priority VLANPRIO
Choose the VLAN priority to use. Decimal number in range of 0-7.
dst_mac LLADDR
Choose the destination MAC address to use.
src_mac LLADDR
Choose the source MAC address to use.
How to continue after executing this action.
Restarts classification by jumping back to the first filter attached to this action's parent.
Continue with the next action, this is the default.
Packet will be dropped without running further actions.
Continue classification with next filter in line.
Return to calling qdisc for packet processing. This ends the classification process.


The following example encapsulates incoming ICMP packets on eth0 from into VLAN ID 123:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress #tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: pref 11 protocol ip \         u32 match ip protocol 1 0xff flowid 1:1 \
         match ip src flowid 1:1 \
        action vlan push id 123

Here is an example of the pop function: Incoming VLAN packets on eth0 are decapsulated and the classification process then restarted for the plain packet:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress #tc filter add dev $ETH parent ffff: pref 1 protocol 802.1Q \         u32 match u32 0 0 flowid 1:1 \
        action vlan pop reclassify

For an example of the pop_eth and push_eth modes, see tc-mpls(8).


tc(8), tc-mpls(8)