ipcs (1) - Linux Manuals

ipcs: show information on IPC facilities


ipcs - show information on IPC facilities


ipcs [options]


ipcs shows information on System V inter-process communication facilities. By default it shows information about all three resources: shared memory segments, message queues, and semaphore arrays.


-i, --id id

Show full details on just the one resource element identified by id. This option needs to be combined with one of the three resource options: -m, -q or -s.

-h, --help

Display help text and exit.

-V, --version

Display version information and exit.

Resource options

-m, --shmems

Write information about active shared memory segments.

-q, --queues

Write information about active message queues.

-s, --semaphores

Write information about active semaphore sets.

-a, --all

Write information about all three resources (default).

Output formats

Of these options only one takes effect: the last one specified.

-c, --creator

Show creator and owner.

-l, --limits

Show resource limits.

-p, --pid

Show PIDs of creator and last operator.

-t, --time

Write time information. The time of the last control operation that changed the access permissions for all facilities, the time of the last msgsnd(2) and msgrcv(2) operations on message queues, the time of the last shmat(2) and shmdt(2) operations on shared memory, and the time of the last semop(2) operation on semaphores.

-u, --summary

Show status summary.


These affect only the -l (--limits) option.

-b, --bytes

Print sizes in bytes.


Print sizes in human-readable format.


The Linux ipcs utility is not fully compatible to the POSIX ipcs utility. The Linux version does not support the POSIX -a, -b and -o options, but does support the -l and -u options not defined by POSIX. A portable application shall not use the -a, -b, -o, -l, and -u options.


The current implementation of ipcs obtains information about available IPC resources by parsing the files in /proc/sysvipc. Before util-linux version v2.23, an alternate mechanism was used: the IPC_STAT command of msgctl(2), semctl(2), and shmctl(2). This mechanism is also used in later util-linux versions in the case where /proc is unavailable. A limitation of the IPC_STAT mechanism is that it can only be used to retrieve information about IPC resources for which the user has read permission.



For bug reports, use the issue tracker at <https://github.com/karelzak/util-linux/issues>.


The ipcs command is part of the util-linux package which can be downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive <https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/>.


ipcmk(1), ipcrm(1), msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2), semget(2), semop(2), shmat(2), shmdt(2), shmget(2), sysvipc(7)