sigevent (7) - Linux Manuals

sigevent: structure for notification from asynchronous routines


sigevent - structure for notification from asynchronous routines


#include <signal.h>

union sigval {            /* Data passed with notification */
    int     sival_int;    /* Integer value */
    void   *sival_ptr;    /* Pointer value */

struct sigevent {
    int    sigev_notify;  /* Notification method */
    int    sigev_signo;   /* Notification signal */
    union sigval sigev_value;
                          /* Data passed with notification */
    void (*sigev_notify_function) (union sigval);
                          /* Function used for thread
                             notification (SIGEV_THREAD) */
    void  *sigev_notify_attributes;
                          /* Attributes for notification thread
                             (SIGEV_THREAD) */
    pid_t  sigev_notify_thread_id;
                          /* ID of thread to signal
                             (SIGEV_THREAD_ID); Linux-specific */


The sigevent structure is used by various APIs to describe the way a process is to be notified about an event (e.g., completion of an asynchronous request, expiration of a timer, or the arrival of a message).

The definition shown in the SYNOPSIS is approximate: some of the fields in the sigevent structure may be defined as part of a union. Programs should employ only those fields relevant to the value specified in sigev_notify.

The sigev_notify field specifies how notification is to be performed. This field can have one of the following values:

A "null" notification: don't do anything when the event occurs.
Notify the process by sending the signal specified in sigev_signo.
If the signal is caught with a signal handler that was registered using the sigaction(2) SA_SIGINFO flag, then the following fields are set in the siginfo_t structure that is passed as the second argument of the handler:
This field is set to a value that depends on the API delivering the notification.
This field is set to the signal number (i.e., the same value as in sigev_signo).
This field is set to the value specified in sigev_value.
Depending on the API, other fields may also be set in the siginfo_t structure.
The same information is also available if the signal is accepted using sigwaitinfo(2).
Notify the process by invoking sigev_notify_function "as if" it were the start function of a new thread. (Among the implementation possibilities here are that each timer notification could result in the creation of a new thread, or that a single thread is created to receive all notifications.) The function is invoked with sigev_value as its sole argument. If sigev_notify_attributes is not NULL, it should point to a pthread_attr_t structure that defines attributes for the new thread (see pthread_attr_init(3)).
SIGEV_THREAD_ID (Linux-specific)
Currently used only by POSIX timers; see timer_create(2).


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