cggsvd (l) - Linux Man Pages

cggsvd: computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) of an M-by-N complex matrix A and P-by-N complex matrix B

NAME

CGGSVD - computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) of an M-by-N complex matrix A and P-by-N complex matrix B

SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE CGGSVD(
JOBU, JOBV, JOBQ, M, N, P, K, L, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHA, BETA, U, LDU, V, LDV, Q, LDQ, WORK, RWORK, IWORK, INFO )

    
CHARACTER JOBQ, JOBU, JOBV

    
INTEGER INFO, K, L, LDA, LDB, LDQ, LDU, LDV, M, N, P

    
INTEGER IWORK( * )

    
REAL ALPHA( * ), BETA( * ), RWORK( * )

    
COMPLEX A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), Q( LDQ, * ), U( LDU, * ), V( LDV, * ), WORK( * )

PURPOSE

CGGSVD computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) of an M-by-N complex matrix A and P-by-N complex matrix B:
Uaq*A*Q D1*( 0 R ),    Vaq*B*Q D2*( 0 R )
where U, V and Q are unitary matrices, and Zaq means the conjugate transpose of Z. Let K+L = the effective numerical rank of the matrix (Aaq,Baq)aq, then R is a (K+L)-by-(K+L) nonsingular upper triangular matrix, D1 and D2 are M-by-(K+L) and P-by-(K+L) "diagonal" matrices and of the following structures, respectively:
If M-K-L >= 0,

               L

 D1      )

           )

      M-K-L  )

             L

 D2    )

      P-L  )

          N-K-L     L

  0 R    R11  R12 )

            R22 )
where

  diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(K+L) ),

  diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(K+L) ),

  C**2 S**2 I.

  R is stored in A(1:K+L,N-K-L+1:N) on exit.
If M-K-L < 0,

            K M-K K+L-M

 D1         )

      M-K       )

              K M-K K+L-M

 D2   M-K      )

      K+L-M      )

        P-L      )

             N-K-L    M-K  K+L-M

  0 R        R11  R12  R13  )

        M-K       R22  R23  )

      K+L-M          R33  )
where

  diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(M) ),

  diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(M) ),

  C**2 S**2 I.

  (R11 R12 R13 is stored in A(1:M, N-K-L+1:N), and R33 is stored
   R22 R23 )

  in B(M-K+1:L,N+M-K-L+1:N) on exit.
The routine computes C, S, R, and optionally the unitary
transformation matrices U, V and Q.
In particular, if B is an N-by-N nonsingular matrix, then the GSVD of A and B implicitly gives the SVD of A*inv(B):

               A*inv(B) U*(D1*inv(D2))*Vaq.
If ( Aaq,Baq)aq has orthnormal columns, then the GSVD of A and B is also equal to the CS decomposition of A and B. Furthermore, the GSVD can be used to derive the solution of the eigenvalue problem:
               Aaq*A x lambda* Baq*B x.
In some literature, the GSVD of A and B is presented in the form
           Uaq*A*X 0 D1 ),   Vaq*B*X 0 D2 )
where U and V are orthogonal and X is nonsingular, and D1 and D2 are ``diagonalaqaq. The former GSVD form can be converted to the latter form by taking the nonsingular matrix X as

                Q*(       )

                       0 inv(R) )

ARGUMENTS

JOBU (input) CHARACTER*1
= aqUaq: Unitary matrix U is computed;
= aqNaq: U is not computed.
JOBV (input) CHARACTER*1

= aqVaq: Unitary matrix V is computed;
= aqNaq: V is not computed.
JOBQ (input) CHARACTER*1

= aqQaq: Unitary matrix Q is computed;
= aqNaq: Q is not computed.
M (input) INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix A. M >= 0.
N (input) INTEGER
The number of columns of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.
P (input) INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix B. P >= 0.
K (output) INTEGER
L (output) INTEGER On exit, K and L specify the dimension of the subblocks described in Purpose. K + L = effective numerical rank of (Aaq,Baq)aq.
A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the M-by-N matrix A. On exit, A contains the triangular matrix R, or part of R. See Purpose for details.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
B (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,N)
On entry, the P-by-N matrix B. On exit, B contains part of the triangular matrix R if M-K-L < 0. See Purpose for details.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,P).
ALPHA (output) REAL array, dimension (N)
BETA (output) REAL array, dimension (N) On exit, ALPHA and BETA contain the generalized singular value pairs of A and B; ALPHA(1:K) = 1,
BETA(1:K) = 0, and if M-K-L >= 0, ALPHA(K+1:K+L) = C,
BETA(K+1:K+L) = S, or if M-K-L < 0, ALPHA(K+1:M)= C, ALPHA(M+1:K+L)= 0
BETA(K+1:M) = S, BETA(M+1:K+L) = 1 and ALPHA(K+L+1:N) = 0
BETA(K+L+1:N) = 0
U (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDU,M)
If JOBU = aqUaq, U contains the M-by-M unitary matrix U. If JOBU = aqNaq, U is not referenced.
LDU (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= max(1,M) if JOBU = aqUaq; LDU >= 1 otherwise.
V (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDV,P)
If JOBV = aqVaq, V contains the P-by-P unitary matrix V. If JOBV = aqNaq, V is not referenced.
LDV (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array V. LDV >= max(1,P) if JOBV = aqVaq; LDV >= 1 otherwise.
Q (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDQ,N)
If JOBQ = aqQaq, Q contains the N-by-N unitary matrix Q. If JOBQ = aqNaq, Q is not referenced.
LDQ (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= max(1,N) if JOBQ = aqQaq; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.
WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (max(3*N,M,P)+N)
RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (2*N)
IWORK (workspace/output) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
On exit, IWORK stores the sorting information. More precisely, the following loop will sort ALPHA for I = K+1, min(M,K+L) swap ALPHA(I) and ALPHA(IWORK(I)) endfor such that ALPHA(1) >= ALPHA(2) >= ... >= ALPHA(N).
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
> 0: if INFO = 1, the Jacobi-type procedure failed to converge. For further details, see subroutine CTGSJA.

PARAMETERS

TOLA REAL
TOLB REAL TOLA and TOLB are the thresholds to determine the effective rank of (Aaq,Baq)aq. Generally, they are set to TOLA = MAX(M,N)*norm(A)*MACHEPS, TOLB = MAX(P,N)*norm(B)*MACHEPS. The size of TOLA and TOLB may affect the size of backward errors of the decomposition. Further Details =============== 2-96 Based on modifications by Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA