# cgtrfs (l) - Linux Manuals

## NAME

CGTRFS - improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is tridiagonal, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE CGTRFS(
TRANS, N, NRHS, DL, D, DU, DLF, DF, DUF, DU2, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER TRANS

INTEGER INFO, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS

INTEGER IPIV( * )

REAL BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * )

COMPLEX B( LDB, * ), D( * ), DF( * ), DL( * ), DLF( * ), DU( * ), DU2( * ), DUF( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )

## PURPOSE

CGTRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is tridiagonal, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.

## ARGUMENTS

TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1
Specifies the form of the system of equations:
= aqNaq: A * X = B (No transpose)
= aqTaq: A**T * X = B (Transpose)
= aqCaq: A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.
DL (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
The (n-1) subdiagonal elements of A.
D (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N)
The diagonal elements of A.
DU (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
The (n-1) superdiagonal elements of A.
DLF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
The (n-1) multipliers that define the matrix L from the LU factorization of A as computed by CGTTRF.
DF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N)
The n diagonal elements of the upper triangular matrix U from the LU factorization of A.
DUF (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
The (n-1) elements of the first superdiagonal of U.
DU2 (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-2)
The (n-2) elements of the second superdiagonal of U.
IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
The pivot indices; for 1 <= i <= n, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). IPIV(i) will always be either i or i+1; IPIV(i) = i indicates a row interchange was not required.
B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CGTTRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.
BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N)
RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

## PARAMETERS

ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.