# dstevr (l) - Linux Manuals

## NAME

DSTEVR - computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix T

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE DSTEVR(
JOBZ, RANGE, N, D, E, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, ISUPPZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER JOBZ, RANGE

INTEGER IL, INFO, IU, LDZ, LIWORK, LWORK, M, N

DOUBLE PRECISION ABSTOL, VL, VU

INTEGER ISUPPZ( * ), IWORK( * )

DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ), W( * ), WORK( * ), Z( LDZ, * )

## PURPOSE

DSTEVR computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix T. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues.
Whenever possible, DSTEVR calls DSTEMR to compute the
eigenspectrum using Relatively Robust Representations. DSTEMR computes eigenvalues by the dqds algorithm, while orthogonal eigenvectors are computed from various "good" L D L^T representations (also known as Relatively Robust Representations). Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization is avoided as far as possible. More specifically, the various steps of the algorithm are as follows. For the i-th unreduced block of T,

(a) Compute T - sigma_i L_i D_i L_i^T, such that L_i D_i L_i^T
is a relatively robust representation,

(b) Compute the eigenvalues, lambda_j, of L_i D_i L_i^T to high
relative accuracy by the dqds algorithm,

(c) If there is a cluster of close eigenvalues, "choose" sigma_i
close to the cluster, and go to step (a),

(d) Given the approximate eigenvalue lambda_j of L_i D_i L_i^T,
compute the corresponding eigenvector by forming a
rank-revealing twisted factorization.
The desired accuracy of the output can be specified by the input parameter ABSTOL.
For more details, see "A new O(n^2) algorithm for the symmetric tridiagonal eigenvalue/eigenvector problem", by Inderjit Dhillon, Computer Science Division Technical Report No. UCB//CSD-97-971, UC Berkeley, May 1997.
Note 1 : DSTEVR calls DSTEMR when the full spectrum is requested on machines which conform to the ieee-754 floating point standard. DSTEVR calls DSTEBZ and DSTEIN on non-ieee machines and
when partial spectrum requests are made.
Normal execution of DSTEMR may create NaNs and infinities and hence may abort due to a floating point exception in environments which do not handle NaNs and infinities in the ieee standard default manner.

## ARGUMENTS

JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1
= aqNaq: Compute eigenvalues only;
= aqVaq: Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1

= aqAaq: all eigenvalues will be found.
= aqVaq: all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found. = aqIaq: the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix. N >= 0.
D (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
On entry, the n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix A. On exit, D may be multiplied by a constant factor chosen to avoid over/underflow in computing the eigenvalues.
E (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (max(1,N-1))
On entry, the (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix A in elements 1 to N-1 of E. On exit, E may be multiplied by a constant factor chosen to avoid over/underflow in computing the eigenvalues.
VL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
VU (input) DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE=aqVaq, the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = aqAaq or aqIaq.
IL (input) INTEGER
IU (input) INTEGER If RANGE=aqIaq, the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = aqAaq or aqVaq.
ABSTOL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing A to tridiagonal form. See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3. If high relative accuracy is important, set ABSTOL to DLAMCH( aqSafe minimumaq ). Doing so will guarantee that eigenvalues are computed to high relative accuracy when possible in future releases. The current code does not make any guarantees about high relative accuracy, but future releases will. See J. Barlow and J. Demmel, "Computing Accurate Eigensystems of Scaled Diagonally Dominant Matrices", LAPACK Working Note #7, for a discussion of which matrices define their eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.
M (output) INTEGER
The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = aqAaq, M = N, and if RANGE = aqIaq, M = IU-IL+1.
W (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order.
Z (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M) )
If JOBZ = aqVaq, then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = aqVaq, the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.
LDZ (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = aqVaq, LDZ >= max(1,N).
ISUPPZ (output) INTEGER array, dimension ( 2*max(1,M) )
The support of the eigenvectors in Z, i.e., the indices indicating the nonzero elements in Z. The i-th eigenvector is nonzero only in elements ISUPPZ( 2*i-1 ) through ISUPPZ( 2*i ).
WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal (and minimal) LWORK.
LWORK (input) INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,20*N). If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.
IWORK (workspace/output) INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal (and minimal) LIWORK.
LIWORK (input) INTEGER
The dimension of the array IWORK. LIWORK >= max(1,10*N). If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0: Internal error

## FURTHER DETAILS

Based on contributions by