# sbdsdc (l) - Linux Man Pages

## NAME

SBDSDC - computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real N-by-N (upper or lower) bidiagonal matrix B

## SYNOPSIS

SUBROUTINE SBDSDC(
UPLO, COMPQ, N, D, E, U, LDU, VT, LDVT, Q, IQ, WORK, IWORK, INFO )

CHARACTER COMPQ, UPLO

INTEGER INFO, LDU, LDVT, N

INTEGER IQ( * ), IWORK( * )

REAL D( * ), E( * ), Q( * ), U( LDU, * ), VT( LDVT, * ), WORK( * )

## PURPOSE

SBDSDC computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real N-by-N (upper or lower) bidiagonal matrix B: B = U * S * VT, using a divide and conquer method, where S is a diagonal matrix with non-negative diagonal elements (the singular values of B), and U and VT are orthogonal matrices of left and right singular vectors, respectively. SBDSDC can be used to compute all singular values, and optionally, singular vectors or singular vectors in compact form. This code makes very mild assumptions about floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines without guard digits, but we know of none. See SLASD3 for details. The code currently calls SLASDQ if singular values only are desired. However, it can be slightly modified to compute singular values using the divide and conquer method.

## ARGUMENTS

UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
= aqUaq: B is upper bidiagonal.
= aqLaq: B is lower bidiagonal.
COMPQ (input) CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether singular vectors are to be computed as follows:
= aqNaq: Compute singular values only;
= aqPaq: Compute singular values and compute singular vectors in compact form; = aqIaq: Compute singular values and singular vectors.
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix B. N >= 0.
D (input/output) REAL array, dimension (N)
On entry, the n diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B. On exit, if INFO=0, the singular values of B.
E (input/output) REAL array, dimension (N-1)
On entry, the elements of E contain the offdiagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix whose SVD is desired. On exit, E has been destroyed.
U (output) REAL array, dimension (LDU,N)
If COMPQ = aqIaq, then: On exit, if INFO = 0, U contains the left singular vectors of the bidiagonal matrix. For other values of COMPQ, U is not referenced.
LDU (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= 1. If singular vectors are desired, then LDU >= max( 1, N ).
VT (output) REAL array, dimension (LDVT,N)
If COMPQ = aqIaq, then: On exit, if INFO = 0, VTaq contains the right singular vectors of the bidiagonal matrix. For other values of COMPQ, VT is not referenced.
LDVT (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array VT. LDVT >= 1. If singular vectors are desired, then LDVT >= max( 1, N ).
Q (output) REAL array, dimension (LDQ)
If COMPQ = aqPaq, then: On exit, if INFO = 0, Q and IQ contain the left and right singular vectors in a compact form, requiring O(N log N) space instead of 2*N**2. In particular, Q contains all the REAL data in LDQ >= N*(11 + 2*SMLSIZ + 8*INT(LOG_2(N/(SMLSIZ+1)))) words of memory, where SMLSIZ is returned by ILAENV and is equal to the maximum size of the subproblems at the bottom of the computation tree (usually about 25). For other values of COMPQ, Q is not referenced.
IQ (output) INTEGER array, dimension (LDIQ)
If COMPQ = aqPaq, then: On exit, if INFO = 0, Q and IQ contain the left and right singular vectors in a compact form, requiring O(N log N) space instead of 2*N**2. In particular, IQ contains all INTEGER data in LDIQ >= N*(3 + 3*INT(LOG_2(N/(SMLSIZ+1)))) words of memory, where SMLSIZ is returned by ILAENV and is equal to the maximum size of the subproblems at the bottom of the computation tree (usually about 25). For other values of COMPQ, IQ is not referenced.
WORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
If COMPQ = aqNaq then LWORK >= (4 * N). If COMPQ = aqPaq then LWORK >= (6 * N). If COMPQ = aqIaq then LWORK >= (3 * N**2 + 4 * N).
IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (8*N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
> 0: The algorithm failed to compute an singular value. The update process of divide and conquer failed.

## FURTHER DETAILS

Based on contributions by

Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of
California at Berkeley, USA