How to get the hostname of the node in Python?

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In Python, how to get the hostname of the node? In Python, you can get the hostname by the socket.gethostname() library function in the socket module: import socket hostname = socket.gethostname() Example: $ python Python 2.7.5 (default, Nov 6 2016, 00:28:07) [GCC 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-11)] on linux2 Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license”
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How to convert epoch timestamp to human readable date format in Python?

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How to convert an epoch timestamp to a human readable date format? In Python: import time time.strftime(“%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S %Z”, time.localtime(epoch)) One example: $ python Python 2.7.5 (default, Nov 6 2016, 00:28:07) [GCC 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-11)] on linux2 Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information. >>> import time >>>
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How to get an environment variable in Python?

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In Python, how to get the value (string) of an environment variable? In Python, all environment variables can be accessed directly through os.environ import os print os.environ[‘HOME’] If the environment variable is not present, it will raise a KeyError. You can use get to return None if the environment variable is not present: print os.environ.get(‘ENV_MIGHT_EXIST’)
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Any good Java REPL tool/implementation?

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Any good suggestions on a Java REPL implementation like ‘scala’ and ‘python’ or ‘php -a’? The java-repl tool https://github.com/albertlatacz/java-repl/ works nicely for most situations for me. It is released as a .jar. Hence, it is easy to download and run: $ wget –quiet https://github.com/albertlatacz/java-repl/releases/download/428/javarepl-428.jar -O /tmp/javarepo-428.jar && java -jar /tmp/javarepo-428.jar One usage example is as
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How to get an environment variable in Python?

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In Python, how to get an environment variable? In Python, you may use this piece of code to get an environment variable: os.environ.get(‘ENV_MIGHT_EXIST’) or this piece of code: os.getenv(‘ENV_MIGHT_EXIST’) It will return None if the environment variable is not present. Reference and for more ways, please check https://www.systutorials.com/dtivl/13/how-to-get-an-environment-variable?show=80#answer-80 .

How to detect whether a file is readable and writable in Python?

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Before reading or writing a file, access should be checked first. How to detect whether a file is readable and writable in Python? You can use the os.access(path, mode) library function https://docs.python.org/release/2.6.6/library/os.html#os.access like the Linux access library function for C. It returns True if access is allowed, False if not. For readable and writable, you
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How to test a file or directory exists in Python?

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In Bash, the [ -f ] and [ -d ] tests can test whether a file or a directory exist. What are the corresponding python method for these tests? For -f: **os.path.isfile(path)** Return True if path is an existing regular file. This follows symbolic links. For -d: **os.path.isdir(path)** Return True if path is an existing
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How to iterate all files and directories under a directory in Python?

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How to iterate all files and directories under a directory in Python? For example, I would like to iterate each file and directory under /mnt/data/ /mnt/data/ |– file.txt `– great That is: /mnt/data/files.txt /mnt/data/great You can use the os.walk to do this: root, dirs, files = os.walk(path).next() root will be the path.dirs will contain the
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How to get the file extension from a filename in Python?

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How to get the file extension from a filename in Python? For example, I would like to get “.txt” from “file.txt”. The Python code: >>> name, ext = os.path.splitext(‘file.txt’) >>> name ‘file’ >>> ext ‘.txt’ Manual of os.path.splitext: https://docs.python.org/2/library/os.path.html#os.path.splitext

Required packages for building YouCompleteMe for Vim on Fedora 21

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YouCompleteMe for Vim on Fedora 21 reports this error: [zma@laptop:~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe]$ ./install.sh — The C compiler identification is GNU 4.9.2 — The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.9.2 — Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — works — Detecting C compiler ABI info — Detecting C compiler ABI info
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How to install latest version of Calibre?

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How to install latest version of Calibre? The version from my distro (Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora) seem at 1.xx while the latest Calibre is already at 2.x. You may check Caibre website’s instruction: http://calibre-ebook.com/download_linux sudo -v && wget -nv -O- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kovidgoyal/calibre/master/setup/linux-installer.py | sudo python -c “import sys; main=lambda:sys.stderr.write(‘Download failedn’); exec(sys.stdin.read()); main()”

How to install Python environment in my own account on Dreamhost?

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How to install Python environment in my own account on Dreamhost so that my application can use the python that I installed by myself instead of the system-wide one? The post for Bluehost works very well for Dreamhost too: https://my.bluehost.com/cgi/help/python-install In short: mkdir ~/python cd ~/python wget http://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.2/Python-2.7.2.tgz tar zxfv Python-2.7.2.tgz find ~/python -type d
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How to use OCaml as a script language?

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How to use OCaml as a script language like bash and python? It will be good that I can write a script in OCaml and directly invoke it. For example, I write a script named “script.ml” and then I can invoke it directly by $ ./script.ml Thanks! Three helloworld scripts: script3.ml #! /usr/bin/env ocaml print_string
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