lpr (1) - Linux Manuals

lpr: print files


lpr - print files


lpr [ -E ] [ -H server[:port] ] [ -U username ] [ -P destination[/instance] ] [ -# num-copies [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -m ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -C title ] [ -J title ] [ -T title ] [ file(s) ]


lpr submits files for printing. Files named on the command line are sent to the named printer or the default destination if no destination is specified. If no files are listed on the command-line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.


CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST and PRINTER environment variables are consulted first. If neither are set, the current default set using the lpoptions(1) command is used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.


The following options are recognized by lpr:
Forces encryption when connecting to the server.
-H server[:port]
Specifies an alternate server.
-C "name"
-J "name"
-T "name"
Sets the job name/title.
-P destination[/instance]
Prints files to the named printer.
-U username
Specifies an alternate username.
-# copies
Sets the number of copies to print.
Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -o job-sheets=none.
Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the destination and should be sent without filtering. This option is equivalent to -o raw.
Send an email on job completion.
-o option[=value]
Sets a job option. See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.
Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a shaded header with the date, time, job name, and page number. This option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is only useful when printing text files.
Hold job for printing.
Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after submitting them.


Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1) command, the following generic options are available:
-o job-sheets=name
Prints a cover page (banner) with the document. The "name" can be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard", "topsecret", or "unclassified".
-o media=size
Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".
-o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}
Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output page.
-o orientation-requested=4
Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise).
-o orientation-requested=5
Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).
-o orientation-requested=6
Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).
-o print-quality=3
-o print-quality=4
-o print-quality=5
Specifies the output quality - draft (3), normal (4), or best (5).
-o sides=one-sided
Prints on one side of the paper.
-o sides=two-sided-long-edge
Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.
-o sides=two-sided-short-edge
Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.


The -c, -d, -f, -g, -i, -n, -t, -v, and -w options are not supported by CUPS and produce a warning message if used.


Print two copies of a document to the default printer:
    lpr -# 2 filename
Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
    lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename
Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":
    lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename


Copyright © 2021-2022 by OpenPrinting.


cancel(1), lp(1), lpadmin(8), lpoptions(1), lpq(1), lprm(1), lpstat(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)