ocamldsort (1) - Linux Man Pages

ocamldsort: Dependency sorter for OCaml source files

NAME

ocamldsort - Dependency sorter for OCaml source files

SYNOPSIS

ocamldsort [ -pp pre-command ] [ -d dep-command ]
   -mli -nox -obj -byte -opt filename ...

DESCRIPTION

The ocamldsort(1) command scans a set of Objective Caml source files (.ml and .mli files), sorts them according to their dependencies and prints the sorted files in order to link their corresponding .cmo files.

For ocamldsort(1) to work it must get a list of dependencies generated by ocamldep(1), if the standard input to ocamldsort(1) has been redirected then ocamldsort assumes that this is a dependency file generated by ocamldep(1). Otherwise ocamldsort calls ocamldep(1) to generate the dependency list itself. In either case the source files to be sorted should be given as arguments to the ocamldsort(1) command.

ocamldsort(1) can be used to compile and link simple projects with one command, such as:

ocamlc $(ocamldsort *.ml)

if your project doesn't contain .mli files or:

ocamlc -c $(ocamldsort -mli *.ml *.mli) && ocamlc $(ocamldsort -byte *.ml)

if it contains .mli files.

However for larger projects where separate compilation is desirable, ocamldsort(1) can also be used from within a makefile. Here is a typical makefile example:

TARGET=my_program
OCAMLC=ocamlc
OCAMLOPT=ocamlopt
OCAMLDEP=ocamldep
OCAMLDSORT=ocamldsort

PPFLAGS=-pp camlp4o

MLY=$(shell echo *.mly)
MLL=$(shell echo *.mll)
GENERATED_ML=$(MLY:.mly=.ml) $(MLL:.mll=.ml)

include .generated .depend .ocamldsort

$(TARGET): $(CMO_FILES)
        $(OCAMLC) $(COMPFLAGS) $(LIBS) $^ -o $@

$(TARGET).opt: $(CMX_FILES)
        $(OCAMLOPT) $(COMPFLAGS) $(LIBS_OPT) $^ -o $@

.generated: $(GENERATED_ML)
        @touch .generated

.depend: .generated
        $(OCAMLDEP) *.ml *.mli > $@

.ocamldsort: .depend
        echo CMO_FILES=`< .depend $(OCAMLDSORT) -byte *.ml` > .ocamldsort
        echo CMX_FILES=`< .depend $(OCAMLDSORT) -opt *.ml` >> .ocamldsort

distclean: clean
        rm -f .generated .depend .ocamldsort
        rm -f $(GENERATED_ML)
        rm -f *~
        rm -f $(TARGET) 

clean:
        rm -f *.cmo *.cmi *.cmx *.o 

.SUFFIXES: .mli .ml .cmi .cmo .cmx .mll .mly

%.cmi:%.mli
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<

%.cmo:%.ml
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<

%.cmi %.cmo:%.ml
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<

%.cmx %.o:%.ml
        $(OCAMLOPT) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS)  -c $<

%.ml:%.mll
        $(OCAMLLEX) $<

%.mli %.ml:%.mly
        $(OCAMLYACC) -v $<

OPTIONS

The following command-line options are recognized by ocamlsort(1):

-I directory
Add the given directory to the list of directories searched for source files.

-pp pre-command
Command to preprocess file.

-d dep-command
Command to compute dependencies. ocamldep(1) by default.

-mli
Sort files using mli dependencies.

-nox
Ignore filenames containg `*' so that unexpanded wildcards are ignored.

-obj
Print bytecode filenames (.cmo and .cmi) (deprecated: use -byte).

-byte
Print bytecode filenames (.cmo and .cmi).

-opt
Print opt filenames (.cmx and .cmi).

-v
Output version information and exit.

-help, --help
Output help and exit.

SEE ALSO

ocamldep(1).