std::strpbrk (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::strpbrk: std::strpbrk

NAME

std::strpbrk - std::strpbrk

Synopsis


Defined in header <cstring>
const char* strpbrk( const char* dest, const char* breakset );
char* strpbrk( char* dest, const char* breakset );


Scans the null-terminated byte string pointed to by dest for any character from the null-terminated byte string pointed to by breakset, and returns a pointer to that character.

Parameters


dest - pointer to the null-terminated byte string to be analyzed
breakset - pointer to the null-terminated byte string that contains the characters to search for

Return value


Pointer to the first character in dest, that is also in breakset, or null pointer if no such character exists.

Notes


The name stands for "string pointer break", because it returns a pointer to the first of the separator ("break") characters

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <cstring>
  #include <iomanip>


  int main()
  {
      const char* str = "hello world, friend of mine!";
      const char* sep = " ,!";


      unsigned int cnt = 0;
      do {
         str = std::strpbrk(str, sep); // find separator
         std::cout << std::quoted(str) << '\n';
         if(str) str += std::strspn(str, sep); // skip separator
         ++cnt; // increment word count
      } while(str && *str);


      std::cout << "There are " << cnt << " words\n";
  }

Output:


  " world, friend of mine!"
  ", friend of mine!"
  " of mine!"
  " mine!"
  "!"
  There are 5 words

See also


        returns the length of the maximum initial segment that consists
strcspn of only the characters not found in another byte string
        (function)
        finds the next token in a byte string
strtok (function)
        finds the first occurrence of a character
strchr (function)