How to divert connection or packet before routing decision entering the default

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before the packets ports (443) entering the firewall i would like to divert incoming packet of server (443) to input chain goes to FORWARD chain<br> so thats the incoming packets 100.43.xx.xx –sport 443 are send it to FORWARD instead of input chain<br> how to configure this in OUTPUT,FORWARD,POST AND PREROUTING CHAIN and this is my
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How to improve video rendering quality in MPlayer

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MPlayer has lots options for video rendering and filtering. Any suggestions on good MPlayer options that improve video rendering quality nicely? My ~/.mplayer/config is as follows with 2 profiles: [fast] vf=eq2 [default] vf=hqdn3d vo=gl:yuv=3:lscale=5:cscale=5 ao=pulse The default one gives good video quality by using the hqdn3d video filter while the CPU usage is high. If
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How to configure /dev/shm size of Linux?

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/dev/shm is a nice in memory disk on Linux. The default size seems half of the physical memory’s size. How to configure shm size of Linux? And what’s the consequence? To change the configuration for /dev/shm, add one line to /etc/fstab as follows. tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults,size=8g 0 0 Here, the /dev/shm size is configured
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How to exclude a package from a specific repository only in yum?

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This post https://www.systutorials.com/1661/making-dnf-yum-not-update-certain-packages/ introduces how to exclude a package from yum. But is it possible to exclude a package from a specific repository only? For example, a repository R1 I am using contains an updated version of gdb while I don’t want to use the gdb from it as I trust the version (although older)
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How to resize a virtual disk of KVM

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I test it for qcow2 format. Other formats are TBA. qemu-img resize kvm1.qcow2 +20G cp kvm1.qcow2 kvm1-orig.qcow2 virt-resize –expand /dev/sda1 kvm1-orig.qcow2 kvm1.qcow2 Reference: https://fatmin.com/2016/12/20/how-to-resize-a-qcow2-image-and-filesystem-with-virt-resize/ I test it for qcow2 format. Other formats are TBA. qemu-img resize kvm1.qcow2 +20G cp kvm1.qcow2 kvm1-orig.qcow2 virt-resize –expand /dev/sda1 kvm1-orig.qcow2 kvm1.qcow2 Reference: https://fatmin.com/2016/12/20/how-to-resize-a-qcow2-image-and-filesystem-with-virt-resize/

How to create a file if not exist and open it in read and write modes in C++?

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How to create a file if not exist and open it in read and write modes in C++? For example, I would like open a fstream on /tmp/cache to be able to read it and append to it. If the file does not exist yet, create one. A simple code like std::fstream fs(“/tmp/cache”, std::ios::in |
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How to not use concrete types in lambda function parameters in C++11?

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C++11 requires that lambda function parameters be declared with concrete types. This is sometimes annoying. auto is really nice, especially when the type is complex like std::vector<std::string>::iterator is quite long to type. I know C++14 allows auto in lambda functions. But how to not use concrete types in lambda function parameters in C++11? In C++11,
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How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++?

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How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++? For example, startwith(“big string here…”, “big”) –> True and startwith(“big string here…”, “small”) –> False and startwith(“big”, “big string here”) –> False The std::string::compare() standard library function of C++ can be used. int compare( size_type pos1, size_type count1, const basic_string& str ) const;
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`readlink -m` equivalent function in Python to get canonical file name

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readlink -m can get canonical file name by resolving every symlinks in every component of the given path recursively. In Python, the os.readlink() function does not do so. Any equivalent function in Python to the readlink -m command line? Specifically, it does: canonicalize by following every symlink in every component of the given name recursively,
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How to operator[] access element in a const map in C++?

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How to operator[] access element in a const map in C++? For example, the compiler will report error on this piece of code: #include <iostream> #include <string> #include <map> std::int64_t count(const std::map<std::string, std::int64_t>& map) { return map[“one”] + map[“two”]; } int main () { std::map<std::string, std::int64_t> map = { {“one”, 1}, {“two”, 2} }; std::cout
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