How to Query Transaction By ID in Hyperledger Fabric 2.0

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Querying transaction content out from a blockchain network is a common practice used by common scenarios like exploring the blockchain history or verifying the blockchain transaction content from a known ID. In Hyperledger Fabric, the transaction can be queried using a special system chaincode QSCC (Query System Chaincode) which is for ledger and other Fabric-related
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Blockchain Platforms Introduced, Each in One Sentence

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This post lists some general- and special-purpose blockchains nowadays available with a short description in one sentence. Readers can have a quick understanding of what a blockchain network is built for and what uniqueness that blockchain has. I also give links to beginner friendly resources as learn materials. General purpose blockchains Blockchains for general purpose
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How to Install Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 in Ubuntu 18.04

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Hyperledger Fabric is a consortium blockchain system. It’s performance is relatively good and its modular architecture enables it to be usable in many scenarios. Hyperledger Fabric itself has rich documents and samples of test networks. For beginners, deploying a new network for trying and testing still consumes quite some time. In this post, we will
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How to synchronize OneDrive and OneDrive for Business files in Linux using Insync

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OneDrive is one of the good cloud storage services available and there is a business version called OneDrive for Business. Microsoft’s Office 365 plan is widely used including Exchange Email service and OneDrive for Business. However, there is no official client released yet for Linux users. Insync is a third party cloud storage syncing software
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Do big data stream processing in the stream way

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Reading: Years in Big Data. Months with Apache Flink. 5 Early Observations With Stream Processing: https://data-artisans.com/blog/early-observations-apache-flink. The article suggest adopting the right solution, Flink, for big data processing. Flink is interesting and built for stream processing. The broader view and take away may be to solve problems using the right solution. We saw many painful
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How to deactivate a LVM logical volume on Linux?

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How to deactivate a LVM logical volume activated by #vgchange -aay on Linux You may need to make a LVM volume group inactive and thus unknown to the kernel. To deactivate a volume group, use the -a (–activate) argument of the vgchange command. To deactivates the volume group vg, use this command # vgchange -a
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How to handle missing blocks and blocks with corrupt replicas in HDFS?

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One of HDFS cluster’s hdfs dfsadmin -report reports: Under replicated blocks: 139016 Blocks with corrupt replicas: 9 Missing blocks: 0 The “Under replicated blocks” can be re-replicated automatically after some time. How to handle the missing blocks and blocks with corrupt replicas in HDFS? Understanding these blocks A block is “with corrupt replicas” in HDFS
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A Beginners’ Guide to x86-64 Instruction Encoding

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The encoding of x86 and x86-64 instructions is well documented in Intel or AMD’s manuals. However, they are not quite easy for beginners to start with to learn encoding of the x86-64 instructions. In this post, I will give a list of useful manuals for understanding and studying the x86-64 instruction encoding, a brief introduction
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How to force a metadata checkpointing in HDFS

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The metadata checkpointing in HDFS is done by the Secondary NameNode to merge the fsimage and the edits log files periodically and keep edits log size within a limit. For various reasons, the checkpointing by the Secondary NameNode may fail. For one example, HDFS SecondaraNameNode log shows errors in its log as follows. 2017-08-06 10:54:14,488
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How To Debug Linux Kernel With Less Efforts

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Introduction In general, if we want to debug Linux Kernel, there are lots of tools such as Linux Perf, Kprobe, BCC, Ktap, etc, and we can also write kernel modules, proc subsystems or system calls for some specific debugging aims. However, if we have to instrument kernel to achieve our goals, usually we would not
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QEMU/KVM Network Mechanisms

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Introduction As we know, network subsystems are important in computer systems since they are I/O systems and need to be optimized with many algorithms and skills. This article will introduce how QEMU/KVM [2] network part works. In order to put everything simple and easy to understand, we will begin with several examples and then understand
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I/O Microscopy: Tasks’ Disk I/O Information with High Accuracy

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Abstract Most popular task monitor systems (such as top, iotop, proc, etc) can only get tasks’ disk I/O information like tasks’ I/O utilization percentage every seconds due to kernel timer/tick frequency and high time cost of system interfaces. This article presents I/O Microscopy, a new way to get tasks’ disk I/O information with high accuracy.
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How does linux kernel collect task stats data

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Motivation Recently, I find it is hard to know the percentage of time that one process uses to wait for synchronous I/O (eg, read, etc). One way is to use the taskstats API provided by Linux Kernel [1]. However, for this way, the precision may be one problem. With this problem, I dig into Linux
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How to Upload Large Files to Amazon S3 with AWS CLI

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Amazon S3 is a widely used public cloud storage system. S3 allows an object/file to be up to 5TB which is enough for most applications. The AWS Management Console provides a Web-based interface for users to upload and manage files in S3 buckets. However, uploading a large files that is 100s of GB is not
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Hadoop Installation Tutorial (Hadoop 2.x)

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Hadoop 2 or YARN is the new version of Hadoop. It adds the yarn resource manager in addition to the HDFS and MapReduce components. Hadoop MapReduce is a programming model and software framework for writing applications, which is an open-source variant of MapReduce designed and implemented by Google initially for processing and generating large data
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Big Data Benchmark from AMPLab of UC Berkeley

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Benchmarks are important to understand the performance and quantitative and qualitative comparison of different systems. Many analytic frameworks, such as Hive, Impala and Shark, are designed and implemented these years and become fundamental software for processing big data. How to benchmark these big data analytic systems is an interesting problem. The Big Data Benchmark The
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Data Consistency Models of Public Cloud Storage Services: Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage and Windows Azure Storage

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The public cloud storage services like Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage and Windows Azure Storage replicate the data to ensure high availability. On the other hand, with data being replicated, the storage services exhibits certain data consistency models. Different cloud service providers employ different data consistency models nowadays. In this post, we survey the data
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Software Engineering Advice from Building Large-Scale Distributed Systems by Jeff Dean

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Software Engineering Advice from Building Large-Scale Distributed Systems by Jeff Dean. You can download the slides from Software Engineering Advice from Building Large-Scale Distributed Systems by Jeff Dean. These slides contain the "Numbers everyone should know" which everyone working on systems should be familiar with. Numbers Everyone Should Know L1 cache reference 0.5 ns Branch
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Hadoop MapReduce Tutorials

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Here is a list of tutorials for learning how to write MapReduce programs on Hadoop, the opensource MapReduce implementation with HDFS. MapReduce Tutorials The official tutorial on Hadoop MapReduce framework: http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r1.0.4/mapred_tutorial.html. Yahoo! Hadoop Tutorial A comprehensive tutorial on Hadoop from Yahoo! Developer Network: http://developer.yahoo.com/hadoop/tutorial/. More about MapReduce To better understand the design behind MapReduce, it
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Storage Architecture and Challenges by Andrew Fikes at Google Faculty Summit 2010

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Storage Architecture and Challenges in Faculty Summit, July 29, 2010, by Andrew Fikes, Principal Engineer. Download PDF (from archive.org). This slides introduces some of Google’s storage systems with insights and discussion of problems.