std::asinh(std::complex) (3) - Linux Man Pages

std::asinh(std::complex): std::asinh(std::complex)

NAME

std::asinh(std::complex) - std::asinh(std::complex)

Synopsis


Defined in header <complex>
template< class T > (since C++11)
complex<T> asinh( const complex<T>& z );


Computes complex arc hyperbolic sine of a complex value z with branch cuts outside the interval [−i; +i] along the imaginary axis.

Parameters


z - complex value

Return value


If no errors occur, the complex arc hyperbolic sine of z is returned, in the range of a strip mathematically unbounded along the real axis and in the interval [−iπ/2; +iπ/2] along the imaginary axis.


Error handling and special values


Errors are reported consistent with math_errhandling
If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic,


* std::asinh(std::conj(z)) == std::conj(std::asinh(z))
* std::asinh(-z) == -std::asinh(z)
* If z is (+0,+0), the result is (+0,+0)
* If z is (x,+∞) (for any positive finite x), the result is (+∞,π/2)
* If z is (x,NaN) (for any finite x), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (+∞,y) (for any positive finite y), the result is (+∞,+0)
* If z is (+∞,+∞), the result is (+∞,π/4)
* If z is (+∞,NaN), the result is (+∞,NaN)
* If z is (NaN,+0), the result is (NaN,+0)
* If z is (NaN,y) (for any finite nonzero y), the result is (NaN,NaN) and FE_INVALID may be raised
* If z is (NaN,+∞), the result is (±∞,NaN) (the sign of the real part is unspecified)
* If z is (NaN,NaN), the result is (NaN,NaN)

Notes


Although the C++ standard names this function "complex arc hyperbolic sine", the inverse functions of the hyperbolic functions are the area functions. Their argument is the area of a hyperbolic sector, not an arc. The correct name is "complex inverse hyperbolic sine", and, less common, "complex area hyperbolic sine".
Inverse hyperbolic sine is a multivalued function and requires a branch cut on the complex plane. The branch cut is conventionally placed at the line segments (-i∞,-i) and (i,i∞) of the imaginary axis.
The mathematical definition of the principal value of the inverse hyperbolic sine is asinh z = ln(z +

1+z2
)
For any z, asinh(z) =


asin(iz)
i

Example


// Run this code


  #include <iostream>
  #include <complex>


  int main()
  {
      std::cout << std::fixed;
      std::complex<double> z1(0, -2);
      std::cout << "asinh" << z1 << " = " << std::asinh(z1) << '\n';


      std::complex<double> z2(-0.0, -2);
      std::cout << "asinh" << z2 << " (the other side of the cut) = "
                << std::asinh(z2) << '\n';


      // for any z, asinh(z) = asin(iz)/i
      std::complex<double> z3(1,2);
      std::complex<double> i(0,1);
      std::cout << "asinh" << z3 << " = " << std::asinh(z3) << '\n'
                << "asin" << z3*i << "/i = " << std::asin(z3*i)/i << '\n';
  }

Output:


  asinh(0.000000,-2.000000) = (1.316958,-1.570796)
  asinh(-0.000000,-2.000000) (the other side of the cut) = (-1.316958,-1.570796)
  asinh(1.000000,2.000000) = (1.469352,1.063440)
  asin(-2.000000,1.000000)/i = (1.469352,1.063440)

See also


acosh(std::complex) computes area hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
                    (function template)
(C++11)


atanh(std::complex) computes area hyperbolic tangent of a complex number
                    (function template)
(C++11)
                    computes hyperbolic sine of a complex number (sh(z))
sinh(std::complex) (function template)


asinh
asinhf
asinhl computes the inverse hyperbolic sine (arsinh(x))
                    (function)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)