How to configure SPF for my email domain hosted by DreamHost?

My domain’s email is hosted by DreamHost and all my emails from that domain are sent using DreamHost’s SMTP. How to configure the SPF record for my email domain hosted by DreamHost? For a domain with email and SMTP hosted by DreamHost, you can set its SPF record to v=spf1 include:netblocks.dreamhost.com Reference: What SPF records […]

How to install gfortran on CentOS 7?

How to install the gfortran fortran compiler on CentOS 7 Linux? gfortran on CentOS 7 is provided in the gcc-gfortran package. You may install it to install gfortran. # yum install gcc-gfortran Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: ftp.cuhk.edu.hk * epel: ftp.cuhk.edu.hk * extras: centos.01link.hk * nux-dextop: li.nux.ro * […]

Why “ValueError: zero length field name in format” error in Python on CentOS 6?

The same Python program runs without any problem while it report ValueError: zero length field name in format error in Python on CentOS 6 The piece of code in Python is: print ‘== {} SPF’.format(d) Why “ValueError: zero length field name in format” error in Python on CentOS 6? This feature of {} without the […]

How to limit a user’s CPU resources in Linux Systems

When you use a server with other users, you might want to limit other users’ CPU resources for some specific aims. Cgroup has lots of parameters we can use to control computer resources. For CPU resources, you can tune cpu.shares parameter to limit users’ CPU resources. To be more precise, change directory to /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/user and […]

How to get vCPU thread ID in QEMU/KVM host OS?

In order to collect more information about CPU information internal guest OS, we usually need to get vCPU’s thread ID in host OS. Solution 1: Under directory ‘/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/machine’, you will find virtual_machine_name.libvirt-qemu directory. And under this directory, you will find all vCPU sub-directories and under these dirs, you will find vCPU thread IDs. For example […]

How to get processes’ I/O utilization percentage

Two notices: 1, a process has only one main thread which is itself. 2, a process has many threads. Solution 1: Please use taskstats [1] related interfaces, and send TASKSTATS_TYPE_PID and TASKSTATS_TYPE_TGID commands to kernel to get a process’s ‘blkio_delay_total’ parameter for a process with one main thread and a process with threads separately. Solution […]

Cannot make directory ‘/var/run/screen/S-apache’: Permission denied

Hello! Im trying to create a screen folder for the user apache, Not root. But it seems to fail, I have no idea on how to fix this issue. I only get the error: Cannot make directory ‘/var/run/screen/S-apache’: Permission denied Im using Cent OS 7 There may be various possible reasons. 2 common reasons: screen […]

How to add PHP DOMDocument extension to httpd in CentOS 7?

Just migrated a PHP site to a new server. However, in /var/log/httpd/error_log, there are errors like [:error] [pid 2810] [client 61.92.242.24:43372] PHP Fatal error: Class ‘DOMDocument’ not found in /var/www/…/some.php on line 16 How to add PHP DOMDocument extension to httpd in CentOS 7? You need to install the package php-xml to have DOMCoument support […]

Where is MySQL / MariaDB storage location by default on CentOS 7?

Where is MySQL / MariaDB storage location by default on CentOS 7? No special configuration to the MariaDB from official repository of CentOS. On CentOS 7 Linux it is usually by default /var/lib/mysql But here I give you another “hacky” way to find it out. The method is to find out the mysql daemon mysqld’ […]

How to find out all files with replication factor 1 in HDFS?

How to find out all files with replication factor 1 in HDFS? The hdfs dfsadmin -report shows there are blocks with replication factor 1: Missing blocks (with replication factor 1): 7 How to find them out? You can run hdfs fsck to list all files with their replication counts and grep those with replication factor […]

How to add a prefix string at the beginning of each line in Bash shell script on Linux?

How to add a prefix string at the beginning of each line in Bash shell script on Linux? For example, assume we have a file a.txt: line 1 line 2 I want to have, pre line 1 pre line 2 You may use sed, the stream editor for filtering and transforming text: sed -e ‘s/^/pre […]

How to get the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on Linux?

It is useful to monitor a server node’s temporary. Among all the sensors’ temperatures, the higher one may be a very important one. How to get the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on Linux? You can use this command to get the the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on […]