Release Notes For Linux v2.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v2.0 (source code: linux-2.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines/formatting marks. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Intro This document contains a list of
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Release Notes For Linux v1.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v1.0 (source code: linux-1.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. CHANGES since 0.99 patchlevel 15: removed all the
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Release Notes For Linux v0.95a

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.95a (source code: linux-0.95a.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The the formatted version of the referenced RELNOTES-0.95 can be found at Release Notes For Linux v0.95. The original ASCII
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Release Notes For Linux v0.95

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.95 (source code: linux-0.95.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. RELEASE NOTES FOR LINUX v0.95 Linus Torvalds, March
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Release Notes For Linux v0.12

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.12 (source code: linux-0.12.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the very initial development of the Linux kernel. Also check Notes for linux release 0.01. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post.
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Install R and RStudio Desktop in macOS

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We ever discussed How To Install R and RStudio Desktop in Ubuntu Linux 20.04. In this post, we introduce how to install R and RSTudio Desktop on macOS. Install R environment Install R environment as follows using Homebrew. $ brew install R Then verify that the R environment is installed and ready, by running in
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Installing R and RStudio Desktop in Ubuntu Linux 20.04

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We ever discussed How To Install R and RStudio Server in Ubuntu Linux 20.04. If the purpose is to install a local RStudio IDE instead of a remote RStudio Server, we can install RStudio Desktop. In this post, we introduce how to install R and RStudio Desktop on Ubuntu Linux 20.04. For other Ubuntu version,
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How to enlarge root partition and filesystem size of cloud Linux VM at runtime without rebooting Linux

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It is common that the root disk space is not enough when running a Virtual Machine in the cloud such as Amazon Web Service (AWS). The cloud storage usually provides tools or facilities to enlarge a virtual disk size. However, to make the Linux recognize and and use the enlarged disks without rebooting the OS,
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Ubuntu’s GUI response is very slow

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For Dell PowerEdge T630 server, if you install latest Ubuntu desktop version (16.04) or (14.04), you will get a very slow GUI (X-window). $ inxi -G Graphics: Card: Matrox Systems G200eR2 X.org: 1.15.1 driver: vesa tty size: 205×58 Advanced Data: N/A out of X For Ubuntu 14.04.1, this problem can be solved by following steps.
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How to detect whether Linux runs in UEFI or BIOS mode inside the Linux?

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How to detect whether Linux runs in UEFI or BIOS mode inside the Linux itself without needed to boot the the management console of the mother board? You can detect whether Linux runs in EFI mode by checking whether /sys/firmware/efi exist. In bash, you can test by [ -d /sys/firmware/efi/ ] This technique is used
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How to configure systemd to boot Linux to console mode (runlevel 3)?

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How to configure Linux (am using Fedora 21) managed by systemd to boot to console (init 3) mode? systemd has the concept of targets as a more flexible replacement for runlevels in sysvinit. Runlevel 3 is emulated by multi-user.target. runlevel3.target is a symbolic link to multi-user.target. You can switch to ‘runlevel 3’ by running #
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How to make CentOS 6.6 power off the console screen automatically?

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On CentOS 6.6, I find that it can make the screen (console, not X) blank after a while. However, it does not power the screen off. This usually work on Fedora or other releases. I guess this is caused by some configurations specific in CentOS 6.6. How to make CentOS 6.6 power off the console
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How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux?

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How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux? With aptitude, you can use this command to show the available versions of a package: aptitude versions <package name> In the console GUI, aptitude also show the versions. You may also simulate installation of a package and see which version will be installed: aptitude
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How to add a “status bar” to screen on Linux?

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I noticed that some guys’ screen console has a status bar with tab numbers. That will be very useful for 1) know you are using screen rather than a normal terminal. 2) which tab you are working in. Below is my ~/.screenrc: hardstatus alwayslastline hardstatus string ‘%{= kG}[ %{G}%H %{g}][%= %{=kw}%?%-Lw%?%{r}(%{W}%n*%f%t%?(%u)%?%{r})%{w}%?%+Lw%?%?%= %{g}][%{B}%Y-%m-%d %{W}%c %{g}]’ It
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Manage Linux console screen by commands?

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How to manage Linux console screen by commands? When the screen will be blanked? Put the screen into powerdown mode or power off the screen? 2 tools are useful for managing the console screen on Linux: setterm – set terminal attributes.vbetool – run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state. When the screen will
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How to boot Linux Mint to the console by default?

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How to boot Linux Mint to the console by default? (that is, the run level 3). 2 methods introduced here to boot Linux Mint to console/command line. Method 1 (may only work for earlier releases; check method 2 below): set kernel option. Edit /etc/default/grub and add text to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=”quiet splash text” Then, re-generate grub
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How to add a space between the line numbers and text content in Emacs?

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I use Emacs in console. The linum-mode displays the line numbers just well. However, in the console, there is no space between the line numbers and the text content, which makes it a little messy some times. How to add a space between the line numbers and text content in Emacs? If you are using
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