.docx/.doc to .odt File Conversion in Command Line in Linux

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Word .docx and .doc files are common for documents commonly generated by MS Word software. We would like to convert them to the more open ODF Open Document .odt files for various cases. This can be done by GUI software tools. If we have a set of many .docx/.doc files, it will be handy if
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Linux User Group Management and Operations

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Linux allows more than one users to log into the system to run processes/programs at the same time. In order to make this multi-user system work properly, Linux provides ways to isolate and protect users from each other and manage the permissions efficiently. One of the mechanism is user groups. Linux users may be grouped
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Make Grub2 Boot Older Kernel Version in Ubuntu 20.04

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In a Linux system, we may have multiple kernels installed. Usually, it is the latest kernel configured to be the default one the system boot loader will use during automatic boot if there is no manual kernel choosing. In many cases, such as there is no driver ready yet for some devices in newer kernels,
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How to Install Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 in Ubuntu 18.04

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Hyperledger Fabric is a consortium blockchain system. It’s performance is relatively good and its modular architecture enables it to be usable in many scenarios. Hyperledger Fabric itself has rich documents and samples of test networks. For beginners, deploying a new network for trying and testing still consumes quite some time. In this post, we will
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How to synchronize OneDrive and OneDrive for Business files in Linux using Insync

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OneDrive is one of the good cloud storage services available and there is a business version called OneDrive for Business. Microsoft’s Office 365 plan is widely used including Exchange Email service and OneDrive for Business. However, there is no official client released yet for Linux users. Insync is a third party cloud storage syncing software
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How to Statically Link OCaml Programs

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Static linking is preferred for some cases although it has its own various problems. Static building/linking is not always possible for some languages on some platform. For OCaml, the answer to this question is yes. In this post, we will introduce 2 methods to statically linking OCaml: static linking with runtime glibc required and static
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How to synchronize Google Drive and Google Docs files in Ubuntu/Debian/Mint Linux using Insync

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Google Drive is a nice cloud storage service. It provides a suite of nice online document spreadsheet and slide editors Google Docs, Google Sheets and Google Slides. The collaborative editing and full history tracking features of Google Docs are excellent. Google Drive gives 16GB free storage which is pretty much larger compared to other free
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Installing Zlib Library in Ubuntu Linux

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On Ubuntu (18.04 and 20.04), installing zlib reported unable to locate package zlib: $ sudo apt install zlib Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done E: Unable to locate package zlib How to install zlib in Ubuntu? Install zlib in Ubuntu from Ubuntu package repo In Ubuntu, the zlib package is
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Latex is stuck with a strange problem, see more information for details.

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$ make pdflatex main.tex This is pdfTeX, Version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 (TeX Live 2015/Debian) (preloaded format=pdflatex) restricted write18 enabled. entering extended mode (./main.tex LaTeX2e <2016/02/01> Babel <3.9q> and hyphenation patterns for 81 language(s) loaded. (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/article.cls Document Class: article 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/size10.clo)) (./usenix.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/psnfss/mathptmx.sty)) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/epsfig.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphicx.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/keyval.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphics.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/trig.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/latexconfig/graphics.cfg) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/pdftex-def/pdftex.def (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/infwarerr.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ltxcmds.sty))))) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ifpdf.sty)
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Printing “powernow-k8 transition frequency failed” after install XEN

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After I installed XEN hypervisor, the tty0 (CTRL+ALT+F1) prints “powernow-k8 transition frequency failed” to STDOUT continously, how to solve it? sudo rmmod powernow_k8 From https://lists.debian.org/debian-user/2013/01/msg00754.html How to make the settings persistent (take effect after reboot)? 1, Create script file ‘/etc/init.d/stop_pwoerk8.sh’ as follows. harry2vera@node1:/etc/init.d$ cat stop_pwoerk8.sh #! /bin/sh rmmod powernow_k8 2, Add the full PATH of
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rtnetlink answers file exists

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When you replace dynamic IP to static IP, you may need to restart your netwrok on Debian as follows. $sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart … …. reconfiguring network interfaces…rtnetlink answers file exists … However, error happens here “rtnetlink answers file exists”. How to solve it??? Run following commands could solve this problem # ip addr flush dev
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How to email admins automatically after a Linux server starts?

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Managing a cluster of servers, I would like to notified when a server is started. How to make the Linux servers email me or other admins automatically after they are started? I did this by adding a crontab entry on each servers like @reboot date | mailx -S smtp=smtp://smtp.example.com -s “`hostname` started” -r zma@example.com zma@example.com
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Finding All Available Versions of a Package in Ubuntu

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How to find all available versions of a package in Ubuntu? To list available versions of a package: apt-cache showpkg <package-name> For example, to check all versions of thunderbird: $ sudo apt-cache showpkg thunderbird Package: thunderbird Versions: 1:31.1.1+build1-0ubuntu0.14.04.1 (/var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-updates_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-security_main_binary-amd64_Packages) Description Language: File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_binary-amd64_Packages MD5: 68ed1001b79d708ad48956a0c129114d Description Language: en File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_i18n_Translation-en MD5: 68ed1001b79d708ad48956a0c129114d 1:31.0+build1-0ubuntu0.14.04.1 (/var/lib/dpkg/status)
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Cannot connect QEMU guest os with vncviewer

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The question is as follows. harry@debian:~/workshop1/qemu_test/version1/test$ qemu-system-x86_64 -hda qcow2.img -cdrom domU-x86_64-FS.img -boot d -m 1024 VNC server running on `::1:5900′ harry@debian:~/workshop1/qemu_test/version1/test$ vncviewer 127.0.0.1:1 vncviewer: ConnectToTcpAddr: connect: Connection refused Unable to connect to VNC server Solution (add -vnc parameter for qemu-system-x86_64): harry@debian:~/workshop1/qemu_test/version1/test$ qemu-system-x86_64 -hda qcow2.img -cdrom domU-x86_64-FS.img -boot d -m 1024 -vnc 127.0.0.1:2 harry@debian:~/workshop1/qemu_test/version1/test$ vncviewer 127.0.0.1:2
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Finding Which Package Provides a File in Ubuntu Linux and Linux Mint

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How to find which package provides a file in Debian based releases, such as Linux Mint, Ubuntu? You can use `dpkg`: $ dpkg -S /path/to/the/file -S or –search is the option to make dpkg do a “search”: -S, –search filename-search-pattern… Search for a filename from installed packages. To search which package provides a command file
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How to install .deb packages on Fedora?

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I come across some closed source software that only provides .deb packages. Fedora manages packages with rpm/yum. How to install the .deb packages on Fedora? Alien is a tool to convert .deb package to .rpm package: http://joeyh.name/code/alien/ In latest Fedora, the tool alien is in Fedora’s repository. You can use dnf to install the package.
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Notes for Beginners of Software Development on Linux

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Linux is a great platform for software development targeting servers or backends. In general, working on Linux is very productive. The problem that beginners on Linux face is the the learning curve is steep at the beginning. But believe me, after you get through the initial green steep learning step as in the figure below
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How to Run a Command Upon Files or Directories Changes on Linux

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Doing actions upon changes of files and directories is very useful. Examples like compiling a project after the source code files are changed, sending emails after important configuration files are modified, building the PDF after a TeX file is modified. On Linux, the inotify-tools provide good support for trigger actions after changes. In this post,
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What Is the Name of the Linux-based OS: A Survey

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You may already well know “Linux” and may also use the “operating system based on the Linux kernel” directly or indirectly (you are indirectly using it now as this site is hosted on Linux). But how should we name the OS based on Linux? You may know there is GNU/Linux naming controversy. Different people have
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