How to Add a File Based Swap for Linux

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We may want to add some swap space for a Linux box while only find that all disk space is partitioned and mounted. Some partition has large available free space. For such cases, we may not want to change the partition allocation. The solution may be to add a file based swap for Linux as
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How to configure /dev/shm size of Linux?

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/dev/shm is a nice in memory disk on Linux. The default size seems half of the physical memory’s size. How to configure shm size of Linux? And what’s the consequence? To change the configuration for /dev/shm, add one line to /etc/fstab as follows. tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults,size=8g 0 0 Here, the /dev/shm size is configured
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Allowing root Access to NFS Directories

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For local filesystems, root usually has full access (read/write) to directories/files inside of it. But for NFS directory mounted from network, root usually has no permission to write to directories or files within the NFS directory. How to make root act similarly in an NFS directory to the behavior in local directories? The reason that
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How to allow non-root users on Linux to mount and unmount disks?

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On a Linux box, we may allow non-root users mount and umount certain disks, such as /dev/sde1. How to allow non-root users on Linux to mount and unmount disks? Please check the tutorial at Controlling Filesystem Mounting on Linux by Playing with /etc/fstab: Allow non-root users to mount and unmount filesystems.

How to avoid mounting failures blocking Linux booting?

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Some entries in /etc/fstab may not not critical for booting Linux or even not available until Linux has booted. How to avoid the failures or unavailability of some mounting entries in /etc/fstab blocking the boot process of Linux? Please check the tutorial at Controlling Filesystem Mounting on Linux by Playing with /etc/fstab: Allow non-root users
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Controlling Filesystem Mounting on Linux using /etc/fstab

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Controlling the mounting of filesystems is a useful technique for managing Linux systems. The mounting configurations are mostly in the /etc/fstab file. In this post, we will discuss 2 common and useful techniques for controlling the filesystem mounting by playing with the /etc/fstab file: allowing non-root users to mount/unmount filesystems and avoiding mounting failures blocking
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Shrinking an Ext4 File System on LVM in Linux

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In Extending a Mounted Ext4 File System on LVM in Linux, we introduced how to extend a mounted ext4 filesystem on LVM Logical volume by adding a new physical volume. It is also common to shrink an ext4 file system as to spare some disk space. In this post, I will discuss how to shrink
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Making GPT Partition Table and Creating Partitions Using parted in Linux

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My best favorite disk partition table manipulation tools are cfdisk/fdisk on Linux. However, for large disks, cfdisk/fdisk (of the versions by this post is written) will just give up with a message suggesting GPT partition table format and using GNU parted like WARNING: The size of this disk is 6.0 TB (6001042391040 bytes). DOS partition
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How to Find Out Failed Disks’ SATA Ports in Linux

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The Linux disk names (e.g. sda1, hdb3, etc.) are not reliable—they may be changed if there are hardware changes, such an adding or removing a disk. Additionally, the order for the Linux device names is not always the same as the order of SATA poets. For example, the disk connected to SATA port 0 (first
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How to Bypass Bad fstab Failure When Booting Linux

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If /etc/fstab file is created with errors or the hardware configuration changes such as adding hard disks, Linux will boot into failure state. We can bypass the fstab failure by adding booting parameters to Linux. We can do this in two methods: Method 1: Boot to single user mode When booting into single user mode,
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解决FAT32文件系统分区中文文件名在Linux下显示乱码

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升级到Fedora 11后,使用以前的fstab自动挂载我的fat32分区居然发现我的fat32文件系统中的中文文件名显示为乱码。 找了下相关资料发现是iocharset的问题: iocharset=name — Character set to use for converting between the encoding is used for user visible filename and 16 bit Unicode characters. Long filenames are stored on disk in Unicode format, but Unix for the most part doesn’t know how to deal with Unicode. By default, FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET setting is used. Windows文件系统的长文件名是用16位的Unicode存储的, 而Linux文件系统不支持16位的字符,所以需要在两者之间转换,这就是iocharset要完成的功能。
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