Release Notes For Linux v2.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v2.0 (source code: linux-2.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines/formatting marks. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Intro This document contains a list of
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Release Notes For Linux v0.95a

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.95a (source code: linux-0.95a.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The the formatted version of the referenced RELNOTES-0.95 can be found at Release Notes For Linux v0.95. The original ASCII
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Release Notes For Linux v0.95

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.95 (source code: linux-0.95.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. RELEASE NOTES FOR LINUX v0.95 Linus Torvalds, March
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Release Notes For Linux v0.12

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.12 (source code: linux-0.12.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the very initial development of the Linux kernel. Also check Notes for linux release 0.01. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post.
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Release Notes For Linux v0.01

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This is the notes for linux kernel release 0.01 (source code: linux-0.01.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of whether the Linux kernel started with its very first release. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Notes for linux release 0.01
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Install R and RStudio Server in Ubuntu Linux 20.04

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R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics, providing a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques. The R environment is open source software under GPL. R has rich software packages and is widely used for statistical analysis. RStudio Server is an R integrated development environment (IDE) that provides many useful features
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Make Grub2 Boot Older Kernel Version in Ubuntu 20.04

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In a Linux system, we may have multiple kernels installed. Usually, it is the latest kernel configured to be the default one the system boot loader will use during automatic boot if there is no manual kernel choosing. In many cases, such as there is no driver ready yet for some devices in newer kernels,
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How to Install Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 in Ubuntu 18.04

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Hyperledger Fabric is a consortium blockchain system. It’s performance is relatively good and its modular architecture enables it to be usable in many scenarios. Hyperledger Fabric itself has rich documents and samples of test networks. For beginners, deploying a new network for trying and testing still consumes quite some time. In this post, we will
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Bash Learning Materials

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Bash (GNU Bourne-Again SHell) the default shell for many Linux distributions. It is very common for scripting languages in Linux. Bash is easy and straightforward for writing small tools. However, as most tools, it has its grammars that could easily cause bugs if they are not used correctly. Here I summarize a list of good
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How to Install Wine 32-bit on CentOS 8

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Since version 7, RHEL and CentOS only have 64 bit versions. For some reasons, it’s better to run many Windows applications under 32 bit wine. Like How to Install Wine 32-bit on CentOS 7, this post introduce how to install 32-bit Wine on CentOS 8. Most of the mechanisms are similar yet there are differences.
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How to use encfs in Android?

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Is encfs available in an Android phone? You may try Encdroid a piece of free software released under the GNU General Public License. It is an Android application. It can access EncFS volumes on cloud storage or internal/USB storage devices. Google Play Store Link: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.mrpdaemon.android.encdroid&hl=en Source code: https://github.com/mrpdaemon/encdroid

How to merge 2 .a libraries to one .a library on Linux?

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We have 2 static .a libraries and we would like to merge them into a single one for easier usage. How to merge 2 .a libraries to one .a library on Linux? With GNU ar, you can specify the single command-line option -M and control it with a script supplied via standard input, like the
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How to sort all files recursively by modification time in a directory on Linux?

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How to sort all the files in a directory and subdirectories recursively by modification time on Linux? You can make use of find (GNU find, or plus stat), sort and sed together to achieve recursively sort files by modification time: find . -type f -printf ‘%T@ %pn’ | sort -k 1 -n | sed ‘s/^[^
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Required packages for building YouCompleteMe for Vim on Fedora 21

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YouCompleteMe for Vim on Fedora 21 reports this error: [zma@laptop:~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe]$ ./install.sh — The C compiler identification is GNU 4.9.2 — The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.9.2 — Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc — works — Detecting C compiler ABI info — Detecting C compiler ABI info
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Deleting a Specific Line From a Text File in Command Line in Linux

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On Linux, how to delete a specific line from a text file in command line? For example, to delete the 4th line from a file aaa bbb ccc ddd eee ffffff You can use the “stream editor for filtering and transforming text” sed. With GNU sed: sed -i ‘4d’ ./file Here, -i means edit the
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How to suppress “Entering/Leaving…” messages when invoking make recursively?

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The “Entering/Leaving…” messages when invoking another make by a make is kind of annoying. Is it possible to suppress these messages and how to suppress them? For GNU make, it is controlled by options: -w, –print-directory Print a message containing the working directory before and after other processing. This may be useful for tracking down
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