How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++?

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How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++? For example, startwith(“big string here…”, “big”) –> True and startwith(“big string here…”, “small”) –> False and startwith(“big”, “big string here”) –> False The std::string::compare() standard library function of C++ can be used. int compare( size_type pos1, size_type count1, const basic_string& str ) const;
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How to split and iterate a string separated by a specific character in C++?

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How to split and iterate a string separated by a specific character in C++? For example, “a string separated by space” by ‘ ‘=> [“a”, “string”, “separated”, “by”, “space”] and “a,string,separated,by,comma” by ‘,’ => [“a”, “string”, “separated”, “by”, “comma”] C++ standard library’s getline() function can be used to build a function. getline() can accept a
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How to operator[] access element in a const map in C++?

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How to operator[] access element in a const map in C++? For example, the compiler will report error on this piece of code: #include <iostream> #include <string> #include <map> std::int64_t count(const std::map<std::string, std::int64_t>& map) { return map[“one”] + map[“two”]; } int main () { std::map<std::string, std::int64_t> map = { {“one”, 1}, {“two”, 2} }; std::cout
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How to make Vim indent C++11 lambdas correctly?

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Vim seems not indent C++11 lambas very well. How to make Vim indent C++11 lambdas correctly? For this following program, Vim indents it as #include <iostream> #include <string> #include <vector> #include <algorithm> int main () { std::vector<std::string> strs({“one”, “two”}); std::vector<std::string> newstrs; std::transform(strs.begin(), strs.end(), std::back_inserter(newstrs), [](const std::string& s) -> std::string { if (s == “one”) {
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How to iterate all dirs and files in a dir in C++?

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How to iterate all dirs and files in a dir in C++? To open a dir, we can use opendir() to open a directory stream. DIR *opendir(const char *name); Then we can use readdir() to iterate the directory stream. struct dirent *readdir(DIR *dirp); Here is an example C++ program using these 2 library functions. #include
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How to get a path’s mtime in C++ on Linux?

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How to get a path’s mtime in C++ on Linux? The path can be a file or a dir. You may call the standard library function lstat() for the file or dir under the path. int lstat(const char *pathname, struct stat *statbuf); From the returned stat struct, there is a field st_mtim which is the
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How to remove newline characters from a string in C++?

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How to remove newline characters from a string in C++? For example, a string like line 1 line 3 line 4 should be converted to line 1line 3line 4 Method 1: use `erase()` and `remove()` In short, use this code snippet: input.erase(std::remove(input.begin(), input.end(), ‘\n’), input.end()); std::remove() shifts all elements that are equal to the value
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How to test whether a given path is a directory or a file in C++?

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How to test whether a given path is a directory or a file in C++? For example, pathtype(“/”) –> “a dir” pathtype(“/tmp/file.txt”) –> “a file” # if there is a file file.txt pathtype(“/tmp/dir.txt”) –> “a dir” # if there is a dir named dir.txt The type of a file/dir can be found out using lstat()
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How to judge whether its STDERR is redirected to a file in a Bash script on Linux?

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Within a Bash script, how to judge whether its STDERR is redirected to a file in Bash on Linux? For example, ./script.sh /tmp/log 2>&1 Can script.sh detect that its STDERR is redirected? Knowing the destination file is better. To test whether a script’s STDERR (or STDOUT) is redirected to a file, check by [[ -f
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How to force a checkpointing of metadata in HDFS?

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HDFS SecondaraNameNode log shows 2017-08-06 10:54:14,488 ERROR org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode: Exception in doCheckpoint java.io.IOException: Inconsistent checkpoint fields. LV = -63 namespaceID = 1920275013 cTime = 0 ; clusterId = CID-f38880ba-3415-4277-8abf-b5c2848b7a63 ; blockpoolId = BP-578888813-10.6.1.2-1497278556180. Expecting respectively: -63; 263120692; 0; CID-d22222fd-e28a-4b2d-bd2a-f60e1f0ad1b1; BP-622207878-10.6.1.2-1497242227638. at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.CheckpointSignature.validateStorageInfo(CheckpointSignature.java:134) at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode.doCheckpoint(SecondaryNameNode.java:531) at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode.doWork(SecondaryNameNode.java:395) at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode$1.run(SecondaryNameNode.java:361) at org.apache.hadoop.security.SecurityUtil.doAsLoginUserOrFatal(SecurityUtil.java:415) at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode.run(SecondaryNameNode.java:357) It seems the checkpoint
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How to flush STDOUT buffer in Python?

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How to flush the STDOUT buffer in Python so that the content wrote to STDOUT is shown immediately? Call the flush library function on sys.stdout which is the STDOUT: import sys sys.stdout.flush() From python doc: flush() Flush the write buffers of the stream if applicable. This does nothing for read-only and non-blocking streams. If you
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How to tune systems to achieve high performance in virtualization circumstances?

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Most time, we need to tune system parameters to achieve better performance but what the general parameters to be tuned in Linux systems. I think you may want to add following parameters to Kernel boot (/etc/default/grub) parameters intel_idle.max_cstate=0 processor.max_cstate=0 idle=poll intel_pstate=disable At the same time, you may also want to shutdown/open Pause Loop Exiting (PLE).
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How to convert a piece of HTML code to plain text in PHP?

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How to convert a piece of HTML code to plain text without leading and ending spaces in PHP? For example, I would like to convert <div> <b>hello</b> world</div> to a string hello world You may use this piece of code in PHP to strip HTML tags, remove leading and ending spaces and convert special characters
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