New Linux Kernel 5.0: Features and Improvements

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Linux is the most used and well-known open-source operating system for computers, mobile devices, servers, and mainframes, etc. Linux has so many awesome features to serve its users like Live CD/USB. And it is fast, easy and free to use by computers around the world. The kernel is referred to as the essential component of
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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler?

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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler? In a work-conserving mode, the scheduler must choose one of the pending requests, if any, to dispatch, even if the pending requests are far away from the current disk head position. The rationale for non-work-conserving schedulers, such as the anticipatory scheduler
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How to check interrupts lively in your systems?

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I need to see what kind of interrupts are handled by which CPU. Please run command: # cat /proc/interrupts or you can execute $ watch -n1 “cat /proc/interrupts” to watch interrupts every 1 second. See [1] [2] for more details. References: [1] https://stackoverflow.com/questions/28301875/how-to-observe-interrupts-in-windows-or-linux-ubuntu-14-04 [2] http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/watch-live-interrupts

How to tune systems to achieve high performance in virtualization circumstances?

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Most time, we need to tune system parameters to achieve better performance but what the general parameters to be tuned in Linux systems. I think you may want to add following parameters to Kernel boot (/etc/default/grub) parameters intel_idle.max_cstate=0 processor.max_cstate=0 idle=poll intel_pstate=disable At the same time, you may also want to shutdown/open Pause Loop Exiting (PLE).
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How to get vCPU thread ID in QEMU/KVM host OS?

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In order to collect more information about CPU information internal guest OS, we usually need to get vCPU’s thread ID in host OS. Solution 1: Under directory ‘/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/machine’, you will find virtual_machine_name.libvirt-qemu directory. And under this directory, you will find all vCPU sub-directories and under these dirs, you will find vCPU thread IDs. For example
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How to get processes’ I/O utilization percentage

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Two notices: 1, a process has only one main thread which is itself. 2, a process has many threads. Solution 1: Please use taskstats [1] related interfaces, and send TASKSTATS_TYPE_PID and TASKSTATS_TYPE_TGID commands to kernel to get a process’s ‘blkio_delay_total’ parameter for a process with one main thread and a process with threads separately. Solution
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For QEMU/KVM, how to share data between host and guest

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General question for developers to access data between VM and VMM. As I know, paravirtualization solution is a good way to share data for VM and VMM since it has better performance. Please use Virtio 9p solution for QEMU/KVM. Note that you need to load 9p related modules for guest kernel. Add following in your
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How to dynamically attach a disk to running DomU in Xen?

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I want to attach a disk to a DomU. The Xen DomU is running and should not be rebooted. Hence, changing its configuration file is not an option. How to dynamically attach a disk to running DomU in Xen? To attach phy:vg_xen/vm-228-large to vm-228 as xvdb, run this on Dom0: # xl block-attach vm-228 phy:vg_xen/vm-228-large
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Free server images – SysTutorials QA

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Any free server images? 24 Free Data Center Photos from fatcow.com 24 Free Data Center Photos: http://www.fatcow.com/data-center-photos From Wikimedia commons: Multiple servers: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Server-multiple.svg Server: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Server.svg Yellow server: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Server-yellow.svg Green server: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Server-green.svg More from clker.com: Web Virtualization Server clip art: http://www.clker.com/clipart-1826.html Small Case Web Mail Server clip art: http://www.clker.com/clipart-1902.html Inside our data centers from Google —
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QEMU/KVM Network Mechanisms

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Introduction As we know, network subsystems are important in computer systems since they are I/O systems and need to be optimized with many algorithms and skills. This article will introduce how QEMU/KVM [2] network part works. In order to put everything simple and easy to understand, we will begin with several examples and then understand
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How to Install Paravirtualized CentOS 7 DomU on Xen

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This post introduces how to install a paravirtualized CentOS 7 DomU on Xen. The very common way of installing DomU does not work for CentOS 7. A little trick to set the repository and the network used by the VM should be used by adding a setting strings to the “extra=” field for this VM.
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How to Install, Run and Uninstall VMware Player and VirtualBox on Fedora Linux

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VMware Player and VirtualBox are two cool and free full virtualization solutions and both can run on top of a Linux host. In this post, I introduce how to install, run, and uninstall VMware Player and VirtualBox on Fedora Linux. VMware Player Install VMware Player Download the installation bundle from VMware’s website. For example, the
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Script: Shutting Down All Xen VMs on a Server

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Shutting down servers is a common operations for managing a cluster. However, if this server is configured to a Xen Dom0 and has Xen VMs (DomUs), the VMs should be shutdown first to avoid data lost on these VMs. xm supports a -a option to shutdown all VMs: # xm shutdown -a Add the -w
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How to Create Fedora Live USB Media

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How to create a Fedora live USB media is introduced in this post. We can boot to Fedora operating system environment through a live USB system in the USB flash media on a USB-bootable computer without writing the computer’s hard disk. We can also install Fedora operating system from the live system environment. Remember to
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Problems during Installing Xen Dom0 in Fedora

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Here is a list of problem that may occur during installing and configuring Xen Dom0 in Fedora. It is found originally in Fedora systems, but the tips in this post should also be helpful for installing Xen Dom0 on other platforms. BIOS configuration If xen stops at: “I/O virtualization disabled.” We may need to enable
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Hadoop Installation Tutorial (Hadoop 1.x)

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Update: If you are new to Hadoop and trying to install one. Please check the newer version: Hadoop Installation Tutorial (Hadoop 2.x). Hadoop mainly consists of two parts: Hadoop MapReduce and HDFS. Hadoop MapReduce is a programming model and software framework for writing applications, which is an open-source variant of MapReduce that is initially designed
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Reading List for Distributed Systems and Cloud Computing

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Understanding the literature is usually the first step to do research, which is the same for systems research on cloud computing. A reading list may help a lot to those that just start in cloud computing research. Prof. Lin Gu, my PhD supervisor, compiled a reading list for system research on cloud computing. The reading
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Conferences on Cloud Computing 2013

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This post lists important conferences related to Cloud Computing in year 2013. SOSP 2013 SOSP’13: The 24th ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles. November 3-6, 2013, Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Pennsylvania. The biennial ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles is the world’s premier forum for researchers, developers, programmers, and teachers of computer systems technology. Academic and
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Conferences on Cloud Computing 2012

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This post lists important conferences on Cloud Computing in year 2012. OSDI 2012 10th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation (OSDI ’12) October 8–10, 2012, Hollywood, CA “The tenth OSDI seeks to present innovative, exciting research in computer systems. OSDI brings together professionals from academic and industrial backgrounds in what has become a
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Conferences on Cloud Computing 2011

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This post lists important conferences on Cloud Computing in year 2011. ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing October 27 and 28, 2011, Cascais, Portugal Submission Deadline: April 30, 2011 23rd ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP) October 23-26, 2011, Cascais, Portugal Submission deadline: March 18, 2011, 11:59 PM GMT EuroSys 2011 April 10-13, 2011. Salzburg,
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