How to set up the Java environment in Linux?

I am using Fedora 20. I installed the rpm from Oracle for the Oracle JDK. How to set up the environment so that the Java environment is Oracle JDK instead of the OpenJDK?

The Oracle JDK is install to /usr/java/ directory. On my Fedora 20, it looks like this:

$ ls /usr/java -l
total 4
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root   16 Oct  7  2013 default -> /usr/java/latest
drwxr-xr-x  8 root root 4096 Apr 18 11:21 jdk1.8.0_05
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root   21 Apr 18 11:21 latest -> /usr/java/jdk1.8.0_05

I put these 3 lines into my ~/.bashrc (I am using bash) to set up the Java environment:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/default/
export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$PATH

JAVA_HOME and CLASSPATH are for Java. I use /usr/java/default/ because this way I will not need to update my ~/.bashrc next time the JDK is upgraded. The last line puts the Java binary directory into the PATH so that the default of invoking of Java software such as java and javac will be the one from the Oracle JDK.

And this is the java version:

$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_05"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_05-b13)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.5-b02, mixed mode)

$ javac -version
javac 1.8.0_05
Answered by Eric Z Ma.

Eric Z Ma

Eric is a father and systems guy. Eric is interested in building high-performance and scalable distributed systems and related technologies. The views or opinions expressed here are solely Eric's own and do not necessarily represent those of any third parties.

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