2 Ways of Resetting All Git Submodules in a Git Repository

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Git submodule is a nice and convenient mechanism in Git to include the other Git repositories and manage the version/commit used from the submodule Git repository. However, there are cases where we would like “reset” the submodule, such as when we find updating a submodule repository will break the code tree, or merge some updates
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Install R and RStudio Desktop in macOS

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We ever discussed How To Install R and RStudio Desktop in Ubuntu Linux 20.04. In this post, we introduce how to install R and RSTudio Desktop on macOS. Install R environment Install R environment as follows using Homebrew. $ brew install R Then verify that the R environment is installed and ready, by running in
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Converting Int to String in C++

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It is common to convert an integer (int) to a string (std::string) in C++ programs. Because of the long history of C++ which has several versions with extended libraries and supports almost all C standard library functions, there are many ways to convert an int to string in C++. This post introduces how to convert
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How to Migrate RSS Feed Readling List from Feedly to Follow.it

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Having a reading list from RSS feeds is a convenient way to organize and aggregate various information source from the Web. After Google Reader was retired, many different readers services are available. Feedly and Follow.it are two good choices among those RSS feed readers. Different readers have different features. Follow.it provides features like keyword filtering
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Installing R and RStudio Desktop in Ubuntu Linux 20.04

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We ever discussed How To Install R and RStudio Server in Ubuntu Linux 20.04. If the purpose is to install a local RStudio IDE instead of a remote RStudio Server, we can install RStudio Desktop. In this post, we introduce how to install R and RStudio Desktop on Ubuntu Linux 20.04. For other Ubuntu version,
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Installing R and RStudio Server in Ubuntu Linux 20.04

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R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics, providing a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques. The R environment is open source software under GPL. R has rich software packages and is widely used for statistical analysis. RStudio Server is an R integrated development environment (IDE) that provides many useful features
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Linux Kernel: fs: handle SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA properly in all fs’s that define their own llseek

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This change “fs: handle SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA properly in all fs’s that define their own llseek” (commit 06222e4) in Linux kernel is authored by Josef Bacik <josef [at] redhat.com> on Mon Jul 18 13:21:38 2011 -0400. Description of “fs: handle SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA properly in all fs’s that define their own llseek” The change “fs: handle SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA properly in
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How to Make DNF and YUM Save Downloaded RPM Packages

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DNF/YUM can automatically download the RPM packages and install them. Under some situations, we may prefer to make a copy of the RPM files for offline usage so that no need to have network connections to install the software packages. For such purposes, we need to make a copy of the RPM packages. It is
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4 Features of Python 3.9 That You Can’t Take Your Eyes Off

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Python is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. It is widely popular for a plethora of tasks due to its flexible nature and ease of use. Python has also managed to beat other programming languages such as Java, which were once upon a time, the world’s favorite. In fact, the extent
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Change Another Process’ Environment Variables in Linux

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Each process has its environment variables in Linux. But is it possible to change another process’ environment variable from another process in Linux? If it is possible to do so, how to do it? There is a trick which can work for some scenarios. First, find out the process ID, then start gdb and attach
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Redirect Feed Links to follow.it using .htaccess

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Feedburner used to a powerful tool for RSS feeds publishing and subscriber management. However, feedburner will unlikely leave its maintenance mode because there has been no new features yet less features for quite some years. But RSS feed is still an important part of the Web supported by many software such as WordPress. follow.it is
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Add Inline Comments for Multi-line Command in Bash Script

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In Bash script, it is common that multiple small commands run together connected by pipes (|) and the whole command is quite long. For clarity, we may write the command in multiple lines. How to add comments for these long multi-line commands? In Bash, the content after # in a line is the comment. Using
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How to Match Multiple Lines using Regex in Perl One-liners

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Perl one-liners with perl’s regular expression statement can be a very powerful text processing tools used as commands in a terminal or a script. By default, the input to the perl one-liner with -p or -n options is passed line by line. However, when we want to match multiple lines, it gets us some trouble.
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How to Query Transaction By ID in Hyperledger Fabric 2.0

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Querying transaction content out from a blockchain network is a common practice used by common scenarios like exploring the blockchain history or verifying the blockchain transaction content from a known ID. In Hyperledger Fabric, the transaction can be queried using a special system chaincode QSCC (Query System Chaincode) which is for ledger and other Fabric-related
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Blockchain Platforms Introduced, Each in One Sentence

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This post lists some general- and special-purpose nowadays available with a short description in one sentence. Readers can have a quick understanding of what a blockchain network is built for and what uniqueness that blockchain has. I also give links to beginner friendly resources as learn materials. General purpose blockchains Blockchains for general purpose usage.
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Grep 2 Lines using `grep` Command in Linux

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grep is excellent to match patterns from STDOUT/text files in command line or scripts. It’s handy. Sometimes, our problem is more complex than finding a keyword from a file. On a first thought, it may sound impossible using grep for such complex problems. But grep can be quite powerful than we thought. Today, let’s check
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How to Install Go 1.13.x on Ubuntu 18.04

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In Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, the default Go lang version is 1.10. For compatibility reason, the Ubuntu LTS will usually keep the major release version numbers for packages. However, many applications, such as Hyperledger Fabric 2.0, require a newer version of Go. In this post, let’s take a look at how to install a system level
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GCC May “Save” You Some Recursive Functions Calls: an Analysis of a Function Call Stack Length Example

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We know compilers like gcc can do lots smart optimization to make the program run faster. Regarding functions call optimization, gcc can do tail-call elimination to save the cost of allocating a new stack frame, and tail recursion elimination to turn a recursive function to non-recursive iterative one. gcc can even transform some recursive functions
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