SSH is a very common tool for Linux/Unix platforms. One annoying problem when using SSH is that the connection may get disconnected if the SSH connection is idle for some time under common configurations. Users may run an infinite loop like
while true; do uptime; sleep 30; done when there is no work to be done in a SSH session. There are better ways as SSH servers and clients already provide such support and we will discuss these methods in this post.
Client side fixes – per user
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The pro is that users can configure the ssh client by themselves. The con is that every user will need to do it.
Linux ssh client
Option 1: Add to your ~/.ssh/config
# Client will send "keep alive" messages every 60 seconds # for all server hosts Host * ServerAliveInterval 60
Option 2: Add as a command option
$ ssh -o "ServerAliveInterval 60" example.com
In the Connection category for a session, fill 60 in "Sending of null packets to keep session alive".
Client side fixes – system wide
The above methods can also be applied for all users on the system.
Add to /etc/ssh/ssh_config
# Client will send "keep alive" messages every 60 seconds ServerAliveInterval 60
Server side fixes – system wide
The SSH server can be configured to send keep alive messages to avoid idle session being got disconnected so that users will not need any special configurations.
Add to /etc/ssh/sshd_config
# Server will send "keep alive" messages every 60 seconds ClientAliveInterval 60