BIOS: Basic Input Output Systems UEFI: Unified Extensible Firmware Interface UEFI is the advanced BIOS, which solves some limitations in BIOS such as 1, 16-bit processor mode; 2, 1 MB addressable space and PC AT hardware. References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Extensible_Firmware_Interface Answered by harryxiyou.
NUMA Architecture: Non-Uniform Memory Access architecture. SMP: Symmetric Multiprocessing architecture. In a Symmetric Multiprocessor, the architectural “distance” to any memory location is the same for all processors, i.e. “symmetric”. In a NonUniform Memory Access machine, each processor is “closer” to some memory locations than others; i.e. memory is partitioned among them Asymmetrically. From my understanding, […]
What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler? In a work-conserving mode, the scheduler must choose one of the pending requests, if any, to dispatch, even if the pending requests are far away from the current disk head position. The rationale for non-work-conserving schedulers, such as the anticipatory scheduler […]
One of HDFS cluster’s hdfs dfsadmin -report reports: Under replicated blocks: 139016 Blocks with corrupt replicas: 9 Missing blocks: 0 The “Under replicated blocks” can be re-replicated automatically after some time. How to handle the missing blocks and blocks with corrupt replicas in HDFS? Understanding these blocks A block is called corrupt by HDFS if […]
After a node failure and restarting the HDFS, the NameNode reports: “The reported blocks 1968810 needs additional 5071 blocks to reach the threshold 0.9990 of total blocks 1975856. Safe mode will be turned off automatically.” in the log. Why this happens? And how to fix it? About why the NameNode stays in the safe mode: […]
Differences beween DDL (Data Definition Language) and DML (Data Manipulation Language) Data Definition Language (DDL) statements are used to define the database structure or schema. Data Manipulation Language (DML) statements are used for managing data within schema objects. References:http://www.orafaq.com/faq/what_are_the_difference_between_ddl_dml_and_dcl_commands Answered by harryxiyou.
Currently, I wanna take Shark’s (Spark SQL) DDL and DML as an reference to design/implement SQLE’s DDL and DML. However, I cannot find its DDL and DML. I can only find several SQLs in Shark paper.  shark paper – http://tab.d-thinker.org/showthread.php?tid=2585 Shark’s language is Hive QL. HQL’s DDL and DML can be found at Hive […]
As is known, database schema is a collection of database rules like data type and data relationship. However, this is still a little abstract. So what is database schema in one sentence everyone could understand it clearly. The wikipedia page on Database schema is quite good for understanding the concept. A database schema of a […]
What is the design of Snapshots in HDFS? This PDF documents the design of snapshot. Jing Zhao and Tsz-Wo Sze from Hortonworks gave a great talk on the design of HDFS snapshots. The slides can be downloaded at here. The development of snapshot is tracked by HDFS-2802. Answered by Eric Z Ma.
Which ones are good systems conferences? Top ones by ACM and USENIX: OSDI: https://www.usenix.org/conferences/byname/179 SOSP: http://sosp.org/ Other SIGOPS Events: http://www.sigops.org/conf-sponsored.html EuroSys: http://www.eurosys.org/ SoCC: http://www.socc2013.org/ (SoCC 2013) ASPLOS: http://www.sigplan.org/Conferences/ASPLOS/Main VEE: http://www.sigplan.org/vee.htm USENIX ATC: https://www.usenix.org/conferences/byname/131 NSDI: https://www.usenix.org/conferences/byname/178 Answered by anonymous. IEEE Conferences: ICDCS: http://www.temple.edu/cis/icdcs2013/ (2013) IPDPS: http://www.ipdps.org/ Other related ones and workshops: HPCA: http://www.hpcaconf.org/SC: http://www.supercomp.org/IEEE CLUSTER: http://www.clustercomp.org/ […]