How to handle spaces in paths with rsync on Linux?

The common rsync commands seems not handle spaces well. For example, rsync -avxP file “user@server:/data/my dir” It reports: rsync: link_stat “/home/zma/file” failed: No such file or directory (2) How to make rsync handle spaces well? You can use the –protect-args option of rsync. $ rsync –protect-args -avxP file “user@server:/data/my dir” What does –protect-args do: -s, […]

In Node.js, how to import functions from another JavaScript file?

In Node.js, how to import functions from another JavaScript file like source common.sh in Bash? In the .js file to be imported such as ‘common.js’, organize functions to be exported like module.exports = { func1: function () { // func1 impl }, func2: function () { // func2 impl } }; In the other .js […]

How to get the full path and directory of a Makefile itself?

How to get the full path and directory of a Makefile itself like finding Bash script’s own path? This 2 lines in Makefile get the full path and dir of the Makefile itself: mkfile_path := $(abspath $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST))) mkfile_dir := $(dir $(mkfile_path)) The piece of code gets you Makefile, finds its absolute path and the […]

How to test whether PATH has a specific directory in it in Bash on Linux?

How to test whether PATH has a specific directory in it in Bash on Linux? For example, how to test whether /usr/local/mytool/bin is in $PATH? Directories in the $PATH variable are separated by :. So you can use a regular expression to test whether the $PATH contains a directory. The code for your specific example […]