Linux Kernel 4.19.178 Release

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This post summarizes Linux Kernel new features, bugfixes and changes in Linux 4.19.178 Release. Linux 4.19.178 Release contains 248 changes, patches or new features. In total, there are 239,909 lines of Linux source code changed/added in Linux 4.19.178 release compared to Linux 4.19 release. To view the source code of Linux 4.19.178 kernel release online,
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Linux Kernel 5.4.102 Release

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This post summarizes Linux Kernel new features, bugfixes and changes in Linux 5.4.102 Release. Linux 5.4.102 Release contains 338 changes, patches or new features. In total, there are 160,715 lines of Linux source code changed/added in Linux 5.4.102 release compared to Linux 5.4 release. To view the source code of Linux 5.4.102 kernel release online,
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Release Notes For Linux v2.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v2.0 (source code: linux-2.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines/formatting marks. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Intro This document contains a list of
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Release Notes For Linux v0.12

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.12 (source code: linux-0.12.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the very initial development of the Linux kernel. Also check Notes for linux release 0.01. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post.
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Release Notes For Linux v0.01

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This is the notes for linux kernel release 0.01 (source code: linux-0.01.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of whether the Linux kernel started with its very first release. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Notes for linux release 0.01
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Converting Int to String in C++

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It is common to convert an integer (int) to a string (std::string) in C++ programs. Because of the long history of C++ which has several versions with extended libraries and supports almost all C standard library functions, there are many ways to convert an int to string in C++. This post introduces how to convert
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Change Another Process’ Environment Variables in Linux

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Each process has its environment variables in Linux. But is it possible to change another process’ environment variable from another process in Linux? If it is possible to do so, how to do it? There is a trick which can work for some scenarios. First, find out the process ID, then start gdb and attach
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How to Install Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 in Ubuntu 18.04

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Hyperledger Fabric is a consortium blockchain system. It’s performance is relatively good and its modular architecture enables it to be usable in many scenarios. Hyperledger Fabric itself has rich documents and samples of test networks. For beginners, deploying a new network for trying and testing still consumes quite some time. In this post, we will
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GCC May “Save” You Some Recursive Functions Calls: an Analysis of a Function Call Stack Length Example

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We know compilers like gcc can do lots smart optimization to make the program run faster. Regarding functions call optimization, gcc can do tail-call elimination to save the cost of allocating a new stack frame, and tail recursion elimination to turn a recursive function to non-recursive iterative one. gcc can even transform some recursive functions
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How to Convert Integers to Strings and Strings to Integers in PHP

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Conversion from integer to string and from string to integer are common operations in most applications such as C++. PHP has its uniqueness in language and standard library design. In this post, we will check methods to convert integers to strings and vice versa. Convert string to int in PHP You can cast a string
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A StoneWall Solution in C++

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StoneWall is an interesting problem that requires some brain cycles yet not too complex. It is good software engineer interview question. Here is a C++ solution whose complexity is O(N). #include <stack> int solution(std::vector<int> &H) { int stones = 0; std::stack<int> heights; for (auto h: H) { while (!heights.empty() && h < heights.top()) { heights.pop();
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How to Statically Link OCaml Programs

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Static linking is preferred for some cases although it has its own various problems. Static building/linking is not always possible for some languages on some platform. For OCaml, the answer to this question is yes. In this post, we will introduce 2 methods to statically linking OCaml: static linking with runtime glibc required and static
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Installing Zlib Library in Ubuntu Linux

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On Ubuntu (18.04 and 20.04), installing zlib reported unable to locate package zlib: $ sudo apt install zlib Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done E: Unable to locate package zlib How to install zlib in Ubuntu? Install zlib in Ubuntu from Ubuntu package repo In Ubuntu, the zlib package is
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How to decode a quoted URL in Python?

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How to decode a quoted URL in Python? For example, an quoted URL as follows https://www.example.com/tag/%E9%93%B6%E8%A1%8C/ should be decoded to https://www.example.com/tag/银行/ In Python 3, we can use `urllib.parse_plus()` (for URL only). One example is as follows. $ python3 Python 3.6.8 (default, Oct 7 2019, 12:59:55) [GCC 8.3.0] on linux Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license”
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How to create a file if not exist and open it in read and write modes in C++?

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How to create a file if not exist and open it in read and write modes in C++? For example, I would like open a fstream on /tmp/cache to be able to read it and append to it. If the file does not exist yet, create one. A simple code like std::fstream fs(“/tmp/cache”, std::ios::in |
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How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++?

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How to check whether a string starts with another string in C++? For example, startwith(“big string here…”, “big”) –> True and startwith(“big string here…”, “small”) –> False and startwith(“big”, “big string here”) –> False The std::string::compare() standard library function of C++ can be used. int compare( size_type pos1, size_type count1, const basic_string& str ) const;
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How to split and iterate a string separated by a specific character in C++?

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How to split and iterate a string separated by a specific character in C++? For example, “a string separated by space” by ‘ ‘=> [“a”, “string”, “separated”, “by”, “space”] and “a,string,separated,by,comma” by ‘,’ => [“a”, “string”, “separated”, “by”, “comma”] C++ standard library’s getline() function can be used to build a function. getline() can accept a
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