Linux Kernel 4.9.60 Release

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This post summarizes Linux Kernel new features, bugfixes and changes in Linux 4.9.60 Release. Linux 4.9.60 Release contains 24 changes, patches or new features. In total, there are 64,224 lines of Linux source code changed/added in Linux 4.9.60 release compared to Linux 4.9 release. To view the source code of Linux 4.9.60 kernel release online,
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Release Notes For Linux v0.97

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.97 with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Changes in 0.97: The VESA-support was removed. I’d be happy to
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Linux Kernel: Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver

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This change “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver.” (commit 2d53139) in Linux kernel is authored by David Mosberger <davidm [at] egauge.net> on Mon Apr 28 22:14:07 2014 -0600. Description of “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver.” The change “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip
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Latex is stuck with a strange problem, see more information for details.

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$ make pdflatex main.tex This is pdfTeX, Version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.16 (TeX Live 2015/Debian) (preloaded format=pdflatex) restricted write18 enabled. entering extended mode (./main.tex LaTeX2e <2016/02/01> Babel <3.9q> and hyphenation patterns for 81 language(s) loaded. (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/article.cls Document Class: article 2014/09/29 v1.4h Standard LaTeX document class (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/base/size10.clo)) (./usenix.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/psnfss/mathptmx.sty)) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/epsfig.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphicx.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/keyval.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/graphics.sty (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/graphics/trig.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/latexconfig/graphics.cfg) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/pdftex-def/pdftex.def (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/infwarerr.sty) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ltxcmds.sty))))) (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/oberdiek/ifpdf.sty)
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How to install PARSEC correctly.

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PARSEC is the most important CPU-bound benchmark for systems. It is huge and hard to install because it needs lots of 3-part libs. PARSEC download link for 3.0 version: http://parsec.cs.princeton.edu/download.htm#parsec I remembered I added the answer yesterday night but I could not see the answer currently. Anyway, let me add the answer again after I
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How to get the full path and directory of a Makefile itself?

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How to get the full path and directory of a Makefile itself like finding Bash script’s own path? This 2 lines in Makefile get the full path and dir of the Makefile itself: mkfile_path := $(abspath $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST))) mkfile_dir := $(dir $(mkfile_path)) The piece of code gets you Makefile, finds its absolute path and the
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How to suppress “Entering/Leaving…” messages when invoking make recursively?

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The “Entering/Leaving…” messages when invoking another make by a make is kind of annoying. Is it possible to suppress these messages and how to suppress them? For GNU make, it is controlled by options: -w, –print-directory Print a message containing the working directory before and after other processing. This may be useful for tracking down
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How to get a Makefile’s directory for including other Makefiles

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I experience this problem: I have a file common.mk that includes release.mk which in the same directory. common.mk is included by the top-level Makefile. common.mk and release.mk are shared by multiple projects and the top-level Makefile may stay in different directories with {common,release}.mk. Now, include in make use the pwd as base directory. So, simply
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Specifying –no-print-directory within the Makefile

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The –no-print-directory option of make tells make not to print the message about entering and leaving the working directory. However, how to specify the –no-print-directory inside the Makefile itself? Add this line to the Makefile: MAKEFLAGS += –no-print-directory You can also set MAKEFLAGS in a makefile, to specify additional flags that should also be in
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How to install .deb packages on Fedora?

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I come across some closed source software that only provides .deb packages. Fedora manages packages with rpm/yum. How to install the .deb packages on Fedora? Alien is a tool to convert .deb package to .rpm package: http://joeyh.name/code/alien/ In latest Fedora, the tool alien is in Fedora’s repository. You can use dnf to install the package.
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How to compile Latex on Linux

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How to compile Latex on Linux, and what’s the needed packages? On Fedora, the packages needed can be simply installed via: # yum install texlive* dvipdfmx To compile a latex document (say doc.tex) with bibtex used: $ latex doc $ bibtex doc $ latex doc $ latex doc $ dvips doc.dvi $ ps2pdf doc.ps The
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Notes for Beginners of Software Development on Linux

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Linux is a great platform for software development targeting servers or backends. In general, working on Linux is very productive. The problem that beginners on Linux face is the the learning curve is steep at the beginning. But believe me, after you get through the initial green steep learning step as in the figure below
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How to Run a Command Upon Files or Directories Changes on Linux

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Doing actions upon changes of files and directories is very useful. Examples like compiling a project after the source code files are changed, sending emails after important configuration files are modified, building the PDF after a TeX file is modified. On Linux, the inotify-tools provide good support for trigger actions after changes. In this post,
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Makefile Tutorials

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Make is a utility that automatically builds executable programs and libraries from source code by reading files called makefiles which specify how to derive the target program. Make is widely used, especially in Unix/Linux world. More introductions to Make and it’s history can be found on Wikipedia. In this post, I list articles for Makefile
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A Simple Makefile for Latex

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Compiling a latex documents may take several steps when bibtex is used with latex. However, this latex compilation process is the same for most documents. We can make it a template with Makefile so that simply running make will generate the dvi/ps/pdf files for us. A simple Makefile for using latex with bibtex enabled is
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