How to get the CPU temperatur in command linux on Linux?

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Most modern servers or computers have sensors to detect the temperature of various components. On Linux, how to get the CPU core temperatur in command linux? First, make sure the package “lm-sensors” is installed on your Linux and the command sensors works for you. Then, you can use this piece of script to get the
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How to get a user’s home directory from the username in a variables in Bash?

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In Bash, ~username gives the username user’s home. However, this does not work for situations where username is in a variable such as ~$user How to get the home directory from the user name in a variable in Bash? You can use this Bash script snippet: userhome=$(eval echo ~$user) Here, $user get evaluated to its
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How to do “contains string” test in Bash?

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How to test whether a string $str contains another string $needle in Bash? You can use this piece of Bash script: [[ “$str” == *”$needle”* ]] A usage example: $ str=”abcde hello” $ needle1=”deh” $ needle2=”de hello” $ [[ “$str” == *”$needle1″* ]] && echo “matched” $ [[ “$str” == *”$needle2″* ]] && echo “matched”
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How to get a script’s directory reliably in Bash on Linux?

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How to get a script’s directory reliably in Bash on Linux? For example, to get the directory of the executing script $0. dirname can give you the directory name from the absolute path. You can get the absolute path of the script by readlink -f to handle symbolic links (consider a symbolic link ./run.sh linked
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How to use the xargs argument twice in the command on Linux?

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`xargs` passes the argument once to the utility command specified. For example, xargs cat will cat every line passed to xargs. But how to use the xargs argument twice in the command on Linux? For example, to rename file to file.bak where file is from the stdin. One solution is to write a small script like
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How to manually kill HDFS DataNodes?

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stop-dfs.sh report that there are no datanodes running on some nodes like hdfs-node-000208: no datanode to stop However, there are DataNode process running there. How to clean these processes on many (100s) of nodes? You may use this piece of bash script: for i in `cat hadoop/etc/hadoop/slaves`; do echo $i; ssh $i ‘jps | grep
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How to configure ifcfg-eth0 network scripts on Fedora/RHEL Linux?

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How to configure the ifcfg-* network script files under /etc/sysconfig/network-script/ on Fedora/RHEL Linux? Following is a very typical ifcfg-eth0 file setting static IP/gateway/network mask: DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO=none ONBOOT=yes NETMASK=255.255.0.0 IPADDR=192.168.1.151 GATEWAY=192.168.1.10 USERCTL=no More options are supported, here you can find a reference: Interface Configuration Files (a easier to read PDF from F15 doc).

How to enable SSH service on Fedora Linux?

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How to enable SSH service on Fedora Linux? By default, it seems ssh is not enabled. Fedora may not have sshd service installed/enabled by default. You will need to install and configure it by yourself. The following instructions is for Fedora 22 as an example. First, install the sshd server by # dnf install openssh-server
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How to merge 2 .a libraries to one .a library on Linux?

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We have 2 static .a libraries and we would like to merge them into a single one for easier usage. How to merge 2 .a libraries to one .a library on Linux? With GNU ar, you can specify the single command-line option -M and control it with a script supplied via standard input, like the
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How to make Fedora Linux not clean some files in /tmp/?

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On my Fedora 20, I find that the system automatically clean up file under /tmp/. This is convenient. However, it cause some problems for some programs. For example, HDFS puts its DataNode pid file under /tmp/ by default like hadoop-hadoop-datanode.pid. After it is cleaned up, the hadoop-daemon.sh script will consider there is no DataNode running.
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Printing “powernow-k8 transition frequency failed” after install XEN

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After I installed XEN hypervisor, the tty0 (CTRL+ALT+F1) prints “powernow-k8 transition frequency failed” to STDOUT continously, how to solve it? sudo rmmod powernow_k8 From https://lists.debian.org/debian-user/2013/01/msg00754.html How to make the settings persistent (take effect after reboot)? 1, Create script file ‘/etc/init.d/stop_pwoerk8.sh’ as follows. harry2vera@node1:/etc/init.d$ cat stop_pwoerk8.sh #! /bin/sh rmmod powernow_k8 2, Add the full PATH of
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How to email admins automatically after a Linux server starts?

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Managing a cluster of servers, I would like to notified when a server is started. How to make the Linux servers email me or other admins automatically after they are started? I did this by adding a crontab entry on each servers like @reboot date | mailx -S smtp=smtp://smtp.example.com -s “`hostname` started” -r zma@example.com zma@example.com
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How to add a crontab entry from a shell script on Linux?

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crontab -e will start an editor to edit the crontab entries. But how to add a crontab entry from a shell script on Linux without interaction from users? You can try this piece of script: (crontab -l; echo “@reboot echo “rebooted””;) | crontab – Note that the update by this line of script is not
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How to set replication factors for HDFS directories?

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Is it possible to set the replication factor for specific directory in HDFS to be one that is different from the default replication factor? This should set the existing files’ replication factors but also new files created in the specific directory. This can simplify the administration. We can set the replication factor of /tmp/ to
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How to find the number of files in each directories on Linux?

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How to find the number of files in each sub-directories of a directory on Linux? For example, . ├── a19 ├── a8 ├── d2 ├── ecfddd └── t1 The number of sub-directories can be quite large. How to find the number of files in each sub-directories here? You can use this piece of script to
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How to resize a batch of images on Linux?

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Resizing images on Linux with gThumb is easy. However, I have a batch of images inside a folder. Manually resizing them will consume too much time. How to automatically resize them on Linux with a script? You can use convert from ImageMagick together with bash script to resize images inside a directory. mkdir resize; IFS=$(echo
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