How to hide my private IP in Email header in Thunderbird?

It seems Thunderbird sends out my private/lan IP to the SMTP server. For example, in an Email sent out by Thunderbird, the header contains Received: from [] ( []) by (Postfix) with ESMTPSA id 92CD297DEA; It is fine that the SMTP server records the public IP ( as it is what it sees. But […]

How to list start and end sectors of a partition by parted in Linux?

How to list start and end of a partition by the sectors in parted on Linux? The default behavior seems be listing the start and end by bytes in parted. # parted /dev/sdc print Model: Innostor IS888 ext. HDD (scsi) Disk /dev/sdc: 2000GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: gpt Disk Flags: Number Start End […]

How to remove newline characters from a string in C++?

How to remove newline characters from a string in C++? For example, a string like line 1 line 3 line 4 should be converted to line 1line 3line 4 In short, use this code snippet: input.erase(std::remove(input.begin(), input.end(), ‘n’), input.end()); std::remove() shifts all elements that are equal to the value n by moving the elements in […]

How to force a checkpointing of metadata in HDFS?

HDFS SecondaraNameNode log shows 2017-08-06 10:54:14,488 ERROR org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode: Exception in doCheckpoint Inconsistent checkpoint fields. LV = -63 namespaceID = 1920275013 cTime = 0 ; clusterId = CID-f38880ba-3415-4277-8abf-b5c2848b7a63 ; blockpoolId = BP-578888813- Expecting respectively: -63; 263120692; 0; CID-d22222fd-e28a-4b2d-bd2a-f60e1f0ad1b1; BP-622207878- at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.CheckpointSignature.validateStorageInfo( at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode.doCheckpoint( at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode.doWork( at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode$ at at It seems the checkpoint […]

How to get processes’ I/O utilization percentage

Two notices: 1, a process has only one main thread which is itself. 2, a process has many threads. Solution 1: Please use taskstats [1] related interfaces, and send TASKSTATS_TYPE_PID and TASKSTATS_TYPE_TGID commands to kernel to get a process’s ‘blkio_delay_total’ parameter for a process with one main thread and a process with threads separately. Solution […]

How to get the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on Linux?

It is useful to monitor a server node’s temporary. Among all the sensors’ temperatures, the higher one may be a very important one. How to get the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on Linux? You can use this command to get the the highest temperature from all sensors in a server on […]

How to set the replication factor for one file when it is uploaded by `hdfs dfs -put` command line in HDFS?

When uploading a file by the hdfs dfs -put command line in HDFS, how to set a replication factor instead of the global one for that file? For example, HDFS’s global replication factor is 3. For some temporary files, I would like to save just one copy for faster uploading and saving disk space. The […]

How to force umount a NFS directory on Linux?

The NFS server is down. It is reported “Stale NFS file handle”. I tried ‘umount’ and ‘umount -f’. But neither succeeded. # umount /mnt/store umount.nfs: /mnt/store: Stale NFS file handle # umount -f /mnt/store umount.nfs: /mnt/store: Stale NFS file handle How to force umounting the NFS without rebooting the Linux server? I usually have to […]

What’s wrong with the messages like “UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC” and “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” on Linux?

I keep seeing messages in dmesg as follows with “exception Emask 0x10” -> “SError: { UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC }” -> “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” -> “hard resetting link”: [ 7395.936692] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x10 SAct 0xe000 SErr 0x280100 action 0x6 frozen [ 7395.936701] ata4.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error [ 7395.936703] ata4: SError: { […]