This is the latest stable and recommended stable Xen Dom0 solution on Fedora 12. No serious bug found till now and we will fix the bugs by ourselves if some appears. It also works on Fedora 14 as well. It should not be hard to use this solution on other versions of Fedora or other Linux distribution.
How to set up Xen Dom0 with Xenified Linux kernel in Fedora 12 will be introduced in this post. We use Xen 3.4.3 from xen.org and Xenified Linux kernel 126.96.36.199. This is a very stable Dom0 solution for Fedora 12. Lot’s DomUs have been tested on this platform.
- 1 Hardware:
- 2 Linux system:
- 3 Build and install Xen hypervisor and tools
- 4 Build and install xenified Linux kernel
- 5 Configure grub
- 6 Make Xend and Xendomains services automatically start when system boots
- 7 Enjoy the fun now!
- 8 Making the performance more stable
- 9 Problems
Dom0’s hardware platform:
Motherboard: INTEL S5500BC S5500 Quad Core Xeon Server Board
CPU: 2 x Intel Quad Core Xeon E5520 2.26G (5.86GT/sec,8M,Socket 1366)
Memory: 8 x Kingston DDR-3 1333MHz 4GB ECC REG. CL9 DIMM w/Parity & Thermal Sensor
HD: 4 x WD WD10EARS 1 TB, SATA II 3Gb/s, 64 MB Cache
Fedora 12 x86_64
SELinux is disabled. Please refer here for detail: Disabled SELinux on Fedora.
ext3 is recommended for the file system of disk partition for /boot.
Update the system:
# yum update
The Xen and libvirt packages in Fedora should not be installed to avoid conflict.
# yum erase xen* libvirt
Build and install Xen hypervisor and tools
Download Xen 3.4.3
$ wget http://bits.xensource.com/oss-xen/release/3.4.3/xen-3.4.3.tar.gz $ tar xf xen-3.4.3.tar.gz
Build Xen and tools
You may need to install packages depended by this. You can try this for solving the dependencies:
# yum install make gcc -y; # yum groupinstall "Development Libraries" -y; # yum groupinstall "Development Tools" -y; # yum install transfig texi2html \ dev86 glibc-devel glibc-devel.i686 \ e2fsprogs-devel gitk mkinitrd \ iasl xz-devel bzip2-devel \ pciutils-libs pciutils-devel \ SDL-devel libX11-devel gtk2-devel \ bridge-utils PyXML qemu-common \ qemu-img mercurial ed -y
The we can make Xen and Xen tools:
$ make xen $ make tools
Install Xen and tools
$ make install-xen $ make install-tools
Build and install xenified Linux kernel
Download Linux kernel 188.8.131.52
$ wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-184.108.40.206.tar.bz2 $ tar xf linux-220.127.116.11.tar.bz2
Download 2.6.32 Xen patches v2
$ wget http://gentoo-xen-kernel.googlecode.com/files/xen-patches-2.6.32-2.tar.bz2 $ mkdir xen-patches-2.6.32-2 $ tar xf xen-patches-2.6.32-2.tar.bz2 -C xen-patches-2.6.32-2
Apply Xen patches
Apply all the patches downloaded above following the patch number.
You may need to install patch if it isn’t installed:
# yum install patch
This patch.sh script can be used (we assume the patch and the kernel are in the same directory):
#!/bin/bash for P in `ls ../xen-patches-2.6.32-2/6*.patch1 | sort` do patch -p1 -s -i $P if [ $? = 0 ]; then echo $P applied else echo "Error processing "$P exit 1 fi done
Put this script into Linux source directory and execute:
$ sh ./patch.sh
The structure of these directories are as follows:
| |-linux-18.104.22.168 | | | `- patch.sh ` xen-patches-2.6.32-2 | `- 6*.patch1
Configure Xenified Linux kernel
A working configuration file that I used can be downloaded directly from here:
Just download this file, put it into the kernel source code file directory and rename it to .config .
Other than use my configuration file, you can also configure it by yourself by using “make menuconfig”.
Make sure you build the kernel with these components enabled:
Processor type and features ---> [*] Symmetric multi-processing support [*] Support sparse irq numbering [*] Enable Xen compatible kernel Device Drivers ---> XEN ---> [*] Privileged Guest (domain 0) <*> Backend driver support (NEW) <*> Block-device backend driver (NEW) <*> Block-device tap backend driver (NEW) < > Block-device tap backend driver 2 (NEW) <*> Network-device backend driver (NEW) (8) Maximum simultaneous transmit requests (as a power of 2) (NEW) [ ] Pipelined transmitter (DANGEROUS) (NEW) < > Network-device loopback driver (NEW) < > PCI-device backend driver (NEW) < > TPM-device backend driver (NEW) <M> SCSI backend driver (NEW) <M> USB backend driver (NEW) <M> Block-device frontend driver <M> Network-device frontend driver <M> Network-device frontend driver acceleration for Solarflare NICs (NEW) <M> SCSI frontend driver (NEW) <M> USB frontend driver (NEW) [*] Taking the HCD statistics (for debug) (NEW) [ ] HCD suspend/resume support (DO NOT USE) (NEW) <*> User-space granted page access driver (NEW) <*> Framebuffer-device frontend driver (NEW) <*> Keyboard-device frontend driver (NEW) [*] Disable serial port drivers (NEW) <*> Export Xen attributes in sysfs (NEW) (256) Number of guest devices (NEW) Xen version compatibility (no compatibility code) ---> [*] Place shared vCPU info in per-CPU storage (NEW)
$ make -jX
X can be two times of the number of the processor. We use this to let make invoke compilation work in X-way parallel.
Install modules and kernel
# make modules_install install
Add one entry for Xen in /boot/grub/grub.conf. This is an example entry:
title Xen 3.4.3 - Xenified Linux 22.214.171.124 root (hd0,0) kernel /xen-3.4.3.gz console=vga vga=ask noreboot module /vmlinuz-126.96.36.199 ro root=/dev/mapper/VolGroup-LogVol_root noiswmd LANG=en_US.UTF-8 SYSFONT=latarcyrheb-sun16 KEYBOARDTYPE=pc KEYTABLE=us module /initramfs-188.8.131.52.img
The root and other parameters may be different depending on the configuration.
Make Xend and Xendomains services automatically start when system boots
- cd /etc/init.d/
- chkconfig –add xend
- chkconfig –add xendomains
Check whether Xend and Xendomains services are automatically started in level 3-5:
# chkconfig --list | grep xend
It should be like this:
xend 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off xendomains 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off
Enjoy the fun now!
After booting the system, you can try to use xm to check xen info
# xm info
Then xm command can be used to start up DomUs.
Making the performance more stable
Allocating dedicated CPU core and memory for Dom0 may provide more stable performance for the Xen platform. Please refer to Managing Xen Dom0’s CPU and Memory for detailed instruction.
A list of common problems and tips can be found in Problems during Installing Xen Dom0 in Fedora.
Please refer to Xen Solutions for the DomU solution and more Xen Dom0 solution.