In this post, creating a file-backed virtual block device (VBD) and installing Fedora 20 in the Xen DomU via internet will be introduced. This domain is created on a Fedora 20 Dom0 as introduced in Installing Xen on Fedora 20 as Domain-0. For better performance, you may consider using LVM backed VM.
Create file-backed VBD
The actual space of VBD will be the amount of disk the virtual machine used. And it will be convenient if the virtual machine will be duplicated since the work is just copying the VBD file and changing some configurations.
Assume that we are working in /home/xen/f20install/
Create a 20GB sparse file-backed VBD:
# dd if=/dev/zero of=./vmdisk0 bs=1k seek=20480k count=1
Install Fedora 20 Linux via Internet
First download the pxeboot kernel of Fedora 20 for installation via Internet:
(Note: if the URL expired, try to find it on https://archives.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/fedora/linux/releases/)
wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/20/Fedora/x86_64/os/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz wget http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/20/Fedora/x86_64/os/images/pxeboot/initrd.img
Create an installation profile vm.run:
name="f20install" vcpus=2 memory=2048 disk = ['file:/home/xen/f20install/vmdisk0,xvda,w'] vif = [ 'bridge=xenbr0' ] kernel="/home/xen/f20install/vmlinuz" ramdisk="/home/xen/f20install/initrd.img" extra="root=live:http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/20/Fedora/x86_64/os/LiveOS/squashfs.img" on_reboot = 'restart' on_crash = 'restart'
The virtual machine’s name is “f20install”, memory is 2G, VCPU count is 2, and the disk is the VBD created above.
Here, DHCP is used for the VM to get IP, DNS and gateway information. If gateway and DNS server should be set according to the network configuration in format like:
extra="root=live:http://.../to/squashfs.img ip=10.8.1.210::10.8.1.1:255.255.0.0:vm210:eth0:none nameserver=220.127.116.11"
The full grammar explanation and supported protocols can be found in Anaconda documents.
Start this virtual machine and connect to this virtual machine’s console and complete the installation:
# xl create -c vm.run
The console can be released by “Ctrl+]”. And it can be reconnected by:
# xl console f20install
The installation of Fedora 20 will start. You can choose the “Text mode” and configure the installer interactively.
After successful installation of Fedora 20, it will reboot automatically. However, as the VM configuration is using the old one, it will boot from the external kernel and go the the installation interface again. As the installation is already done, you can shut down it by:
# xl shutdown f20install
This virtual machine can be duplicated to get more VMs: How to Duplicate Xen DomU Virtual Machines.
Assume the VM vmdisk0 is duplicated to /home/xen/vm-10.8.1.210 and we are working in this directory.
Create a profile vm.run for loading the virtual machine:
name="10.8.1.210" vcpus=2 memory=2048 disk = ['file:/home/xen/vm-10.8.1.210/vmdisk0,xvda,w' ] vif = [ 'bridge=xenbr0' ] bootloader = "pygrub" on_reboot = 'restart' on_crash = 'restart'
Here we use the PyGrub as the bootloader. PyGrub starts Linux DomUs with the kernels that lie in the file system of the DomU instead of the kernels that lie in the file system of the Dom0. That makes the kernel update and management easier.
Then the DomU can be started using the profile:
# xm create vm.run
The console of this DomU can be connected to:
# xm console 10.8.1.210