Xen: VM failed to boot

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Question: Hello, I am using Xen on Centos 7 and it was working fine from last 3 years. After I reboot the VM I am getting below error: “dracut-initqueue[270]: Warning: dracut-initqueue timeout – starting timeout scripts” “[ 195.426203] dracut-initqueue[270]: Warning: Could not boot. [ 195.435712] dracut-initqueue[270]: Warning: /dev/centos_static/root does not exist [ 195.436499] dracut-initqueue[270]: Warning:
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How to enlarge root partition and filesystem size of cloud Linux VM at runtime without rebooting Linux

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It is common that the root disk space is not enough when running a Virtual Machine in the cloud such as Amazon Web Service (AWS). The cloud storage usually provides tools or facilities to enlarge a virtual disk size. However, to make the Linux recognize and and use the enlarged disks without rebooting the OS,
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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler?

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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler? In a work-conserving mode, the scheduler must choose one of the pending requests, if any, to dispatch, even if the pending requests are far away from the current disk head position. The rationale for non-work-conserving schedulers, such as the anticipatory scheduler
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What’s wrong with the messages like “UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC” and “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” on Linux?

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I keep seeing messages in dmesg as follows with “exception Emask 0x10” -> “SError: { UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC }” -> “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” -> “hard resetting link”: [ 7395.936692] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x10 SAct 0xe000 SErr 0x280100 action 0x6 frozen [ 7395.936701] ata4.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error [ 7395.936703] ata4: SError: {
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How to check whether a USB disk is connected to a Linux server?

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I can only connect to a Linux server by SSH. How to check whether a USB disk is connected to the Linux server? 2 ways I usuaully use: Method One: Check the print out of dmesg After the USB storage is connected and detected by Linux, it may print some messages containing “[sde]” (the new
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How to allow non-root users on Linux to mount and unmount disks?

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On a Linux box, we may allow non-root users mount and umount certain disks, such as /dev/sde1. How to allow non-root users on Linux to mount and unmount disks? Please check the tutorial at Controlling Filesystem Mounting on Linux by Playing with /etc/fstab: Allow non-root users to mount and unmount filesystems.

How to disable auto mounting on Linux Mint Cinnamon?

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I prefer Linux Mint (I am using Cinnamon) not automatically mounting a portable storage such as USB disk or iPhone for me and I would like do the mounting manually if I need it. The default behavior of Linux Mint is to automatically mount the disks. How to disable this? The auto mounting on Linux
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How to balance DataNode storage in HDFS?

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As nodes are added and deleted in a Hadoop cluster. Storage usage across DataNodes may be different. Some DataNodes’ disks are almost used up while some others’ are almost empty. How to balance data across DataNodes in HDFS? Hadoop provides the balancer to redistribute the data. Brief introduction to balancer in Hadoop: balancer. The design
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How to quickly find out failed disks’ SATA port in Linux? (how to map Linux disk names to SATA ports)

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I find one disk failed on my server which have several ones installed. I know the disk’s name in Linux (e.g. sda, sdb). However, the Linux disk name to SATA port mapping does not follow the same order. Now, I want to find out the failed disks. How to quickly find out them and which
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Managing LVM

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Any tutorials or tips on how to manage LVM? LVM provides a flexible and easy way to management storage disks on Linux. It also provides a set of tools for management. Here are some tutorials and references for managing LVM: LVM man pages: https://www.systutorials.com/docs/linux/man/8-lvm/#lbAL Manage Disk Volume in Linux: http://www.hongkedavid.com/blog/disk_volume.html LVM with Xen: https://www.systutorials.com/b/linux/tag/lvm/ Remove missing phyiscal volumes
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How to Clean RAID Signatures on Linux

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RAID systems such as MegaRAID add signatures to disks to maintain the infomration on these didks. When we simply remove these disks and install them to another server, Linux on the new server may detect these RAID signature infomration and refuses to continue write to the disk. Here is one example that mkfs reports "apparently
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How to Get Available Filesystem Space on Linux: a C Function with a C++ Example

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It is common for programs to write to files in filesystems on disks. However, what if the disk was almost full when your program writes to the filesystem on a disk? For systems software and mission critical programs, it is a better or must-to-do practice to check the available filesystem space before actually writing to
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Making GPT Partition Table and Creating Partitions Using parted in Linux

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My best favorite disk partition table manipulation tools are cfdisk/fdisk on Linux. However, for large disks, cfdisk/fdisk (of the versions by this post is written) will just give up with a message suggesting GPT partition table format and using GNU parted like WARNING: The size of this disk is 6.0 TB (6001042391040 bytes). DOS partition
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How to Extend a Mounted Ext4 File System on LVM in Linux

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LVM is a great tool to manage hard disks on Linux—you can abstract the hard drives away and manage logical volumes from volume groups, you can dynamically add or remove hard drives while the file systems on the logical volumes need not to backed up and recovered, and you may create many snapshots of the
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How to Catch the Signal Sent by Kill in C on Linux

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Programs may want to catch the kill signals sent by the kill command in C programs on Linux so that it can gracefully shutdown itself before it is killed. For example, I have a daemon progd running, and it may be killed by pkill progd. The progd may want to save some in-memory state to
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