Release Notes For Linux v2.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v2.0 (source code: linux-2.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines/formatting marks. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Intro This document contains a list of
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Release Notes For Linux v0.97

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.97 with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Changes in 0.97: The VESA-support was removed. I’d be happy to
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Release Notes For Linux v0.95

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.95 (source code: linux-0.95.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. RELEASE NOTES FOR LINUX v0.95 Linus Torvalds, March
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Release Notes For Linux v0.12

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This is the release notes for linux release v0.12 (source code: linux-0.12.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of the very initial development of the Linux kernel. Also check Notes for linux release 0.01. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post.
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Release Notes For Linux v0.01

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This is the notes for linux kernel release 0.01 (source code: linux-0.01.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines. This notes document can give us an understanding of whether the Linux kernel started with its very first release. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Notes for linux release 0.01
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Linux Kernel 5.4.72 Release

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This post summarizes Linux Kernel new features, bugfixes and changes in Linux 5.4.72 Release. Linux 5.4.72 Release contains 23 changes, patches or new features. In total, there are 126,508 lines of Linux source code changed/added in Linux 5.4.72 release compared to Linux 5.4 release. To view the source code of Linux 5.4.72 kernel release online,
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Linux Kernel: Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver

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This change “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver.” (commit 2d53139) in Linux kernel is authored by David Mosberger <davidm [at] egauge.net> on Mon Apr 28 22:14:07 2014 -0600. Description of “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip as a host driver.” The change “Add support for using a MAX3421E chip
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Linux Kernel 4.19.70 Release

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This post summarizes new features, bugfixes and changes in Linux kernel release 4.19.70. Linux 4.19.70 Release contains 95 changes, patches or new features. In total, there are 101,521 lines of Linux source code changed/added in Linux 4.19.70 release compared to Linux 4.19 release. To view the source code of Linux 4.19.70 kernel release online, please
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5 necessary PC hardware that a programmer needs to upgrade

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The world of technology has evolved drastically over the last few decades. Almost every aspect of our lives is dominated by technology. At the heart of technology lies computer programming. Computer programming is what dictates the success of the technology. I mean think about it, your smartphone, PC, ETC they all rely on programming. This
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New Linux Kernel 5.0: Features and Improvements

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Linux is the most used and well-known open-source operating system for computers, mobile devices, servers, and mainframes, etc. Linux has so many awesome features to serve its users like Live CD/USB. And it is fast, easy and free to use by computers around the world. The kernel is referred to as the essential component of
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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler?

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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler? In a work-conserving mode, the scheduler must choose one of the pending requests, if any, to dispatch, even if the pending requests are far away from the current disk head position. The rationale for non-work-conserving schedulers, such as the anticipatory scheduler
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rtl8192cu driver for CentOS 7

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I find the rtl8192cu wireless adapter driver on CentOS 7 is quite unstable. After running a while, the connection will disappear. How to make it stable? There is a bug in some hardware where the device never wakes back up. You may try disabling the power management by putting a file 8192cu-disable-power-management.conf under /etc/modprobe.d/: #
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What’s wrong with the messages like “UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC” and “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” on Linux?

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I keep seeing messages in dmesg as follows with “exception Emask 0x10” -> “SError: { UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC }” -> “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” -> “hard resetting link”: [ 7395.936692] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x10 SAct 0xe000 SErr 0x280100 action 0x6 frozen [ 7395.936701] ata4.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error [ 7395.936703] ata4: SError: {
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How to find a network adapter’s speed in Linux?

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I have a Linux box and it is connected to a network through a network adapter, say gate. How to find what is the current speed (10Mbps, 100Mbps or 1000Mbps) of the adapter? You can find the network adapter speed by the ethtool command: ethtool: query or control network driver and hardware settings For example,
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Manage Linux console screen by commands?

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How to manage Linux console screen by commands? When the screen will be blanked? Put the screen into powerdown mode or power off the screen? 2 tools are useful for managing the console screen on Linux: setterm – set terminal attributes.vbetool – run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state. When the screen will
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How to debug/check network-related driver information on Linux?

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How to debug/check network-related driver information on Linux? Several commands/tools that you may find usefull: Messages: dmesg grep NetworkManager /var/log/messages lshw: list hardware lshw -c network lsusb: list USB devices lsusb rfkill: enabling and disabling wireless devices rfkill unblock all rfkill event iwconfig: configure a wireless network interface iwconfig ifconfig: configure a network interface ifconfig

Windows 7 64-bit fails to install on VirtualBox / Linux with status code 0xc0000225

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Windows 7 64-bit fails to install on VirtualBox on Linux with status code 0xc0000225: “Windows failed to start. A recent hardware or software change might be the cause. To fix the problem: 1. insert your Windows installation disc and restart your computer. 2. Choose your language settings, and click “Next.” 3. Click “Repair your Computer”.
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USB Standards and Supports in Linux

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The USB standards have evolved to 3.1 and the supported throughput have been increased too. On Linux, the support to USB standards are following the standards development. In this post, we will survey the standards that common hardware support and the support in Linux. USB standards USB 2.0: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB#USB_2.0 Speed: <= 60MB/s, or 480 Mbps
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