How to enable user themes in Ubuntu 18.04?

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The way for Ubuntu 17 to installing the gnome-shell-extensions package does not work any more for Ubuntu 18.04. How to enable user themes in Ubuntu 18.04? The updated gnome-shell-extensions package actually adds the User Theme extension back. You can use that. First, install the package sudo apt install gnome-shell-extensions Second, log out and login again
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How to change the logo shown during booting in Ubuntu?

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How to change the logo shown during booting in Ubuntu? I originally installed Ubuntu MATE 18.04. But I am using GNOME 3 now by replacing the DE. But the log shown during booting is still Ubuntu MATE’s. How to change it to another one? It is plymouth the application that manages the “splash” screen during
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How to install GNOME 3 in Ubuntu MATE 18.04?

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How to install the GNOME 3 (gnome-shell) desktop environment in Ubuntu MATE 18.04? To install gnome3 to Ubuntu, install these packages sudo apt install gnome-session gdm3 ubuntu-desktop During installation, the installation tools will let you choose the default display manager. You may choose gdm3. Then reboot you Ubuntu Linux and gdm3 will be shown. Click
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Installing Zlib Library in Ubuntu Linux

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On Ubuntu (18.04 and 20.04), installing zlib reported unable to locate package zlib: $ sudo apt install zlib Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done E: Unable to locate package zlib How to install zlib in Ubuntu? Install zlib in Ubuntu from Ubuntu package repo In Ubuntu, the zlib package is
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Why I cannot login remote server with its root

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# ssh root@192.168.122.96 root@192.168.122.96’s password: Permission denied, please try again. Do according to [1]. NOTE: on Ubuntu, remember to restart ssh service like this “sudo restart ssh”. [1] https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_enterprise_linux/6/html/v2v_guide/preparation_before_the_p2v_migration-enable_root_login_over_ssh

How to get a server’s serial number remotely?

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How to get a server’s serial number remotely? Tested on Linux Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty > sudo apt-get install dmidecode > sudo dmidecode -s system-serial-number I tried this on several Linux boxes with CentOS 7 and it seems A physical node returns a string like System Serial Number. A KVM VM returns a string like 3fd12bba-12d4-48c7-875a-7a5f57ed8a9a.
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How to check interrupts lively in your systems?

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I need to see what kind of interrupts are handled by which CPU. Please run command: # cat /proc/interrupts or you can execute $ watch -n1 “cat /proc/interrupts” to watch interrupts every 1 second. See [1] [2] for more details. References: [1] https://stackoverflow.com/questions/28301875/how-to-observe-interrupts-in-windows-or-linux-ubuntu-14-04 [2] http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/watch-live-interrupts

How to change the maximum uploading size for PHP with Apache on Linux?

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How to change the maximum uploading size for PHP with Apache on Linux? PHP has parameters to control the maximum uploading size. Here, we use Ubuntu 18.04 LTS default version as an example. First, open the php.ini configuration file using your favorite editor /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini Then, find the following parts ; Maximum size of POST data
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Libvirt crash when upgrade from version 1.2.2 to version 2.5.0

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If you install libvirt from ubuntu software library like this sudo apt-get install libvirt-bin The default version is 1.2.2 for Ubuntu Trusty. However, after you upgrade it to version 2.5.0 from its source codes (restart the libvirtd service), you will see following error if you want to install vm with virt-install. # ./installkvm1.sh Starting install…
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Ubuntu’s GUI response is very slow

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For Dell PowerEdge T630 server, if you install latest Ubuntu desktop version (16.04) or (14.04), you will get a very slow GUI (X-window). $ inxi -G Graphics: Card: Matrox Systems G200eR2 X.org: 1.15.1 driver: vesa tty size: 205×58 Advanced Data: N/A out of X For Ubuntu 14.04.1, this problem can be solved by following steps.
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How to make Ubuntu Linux boot to text mode?

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My Ubuntu boots to GUI mode by default. How to make Ubuntu Linux boot to text mode? If you are using Ubuntu older than 16 such as Ubuntu 14.04: Edit /etc/default/grub Change GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=… to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=”text”. Backup your old grub config`$ sudo cp -n /etc/default/grub /etc/default/grub.bak-date +%s ` Update grub$ sudo update-grub If you are using
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How to install driver for TP-LINK T2U wifi adapter on Linux?

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How to install driver for TP-LINK T2U wifi adapter on Linux? I am using Fedora Linux 22. The kernel module for the driver for TP-LINK T2U is “mt7650u_sta”. TP-LINK and mediatek provide drivers (mediatek one is for 7610u). But neither work for Fedora 22 AFAIK. This piece of modified driver work for me on Fedora
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How to Add “nomodeset” to Grub2 in Fedora and Ubuntu

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I need to add nomodeset to make my GPU card work on Linux. Latest Fedora and Ubuntu and their derives use grub2. How to add nomodeset permanently to grub2 on Fedora and Ubuntu? The parameters grub2 will use are stored in its grub.cfg file. The grub.cfg file is generated from grub’s default settings file /etc/default/grub.
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how to install older version gcc/g++ in Ubuntu (other linux distro are similar)

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When we compile some project, it needs older version gcc/g++ version. So how to insall older ones in ubuntu 16? Install older gcc/g++ version sudo apt-get install gcc-4.4 g++-4.4 g++-4.4-multilib gcc-4.4-multilib Set gcc/g++ version to be used automatically sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.4 50 sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/g++ gcc /usr/bin/g++-4.4 50 You may need
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I cannot login Ubuntu Precise desktop

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I cannot login desktop in Ubuntu Precise. It told me following errors: Could not write bytes: Broken Pipe… Check Battery Satte Actually, I tried many ways to solve this problem. It seems that something wrong with my lightdm software so, at last, I use gdm software to replace lightdm to kill this problem. Just install
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How to email admins automatically after a Linux server starts?

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Managing a cluster of servers, I would like to notified when a server is started. How to make the Linux servers email me or other admins automatically after they are started? I did this by adding a crontab entry on each servers like @reboot date | mailx -S smtp=smtp://smtp.example.com -s “`hostname` started” -r zma@example.com zma@example.com
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