My Ubuntu boots to GUI mode by default. How to make Ubuntu Linux boot to text mode? If you are using Ubuntu older than 16 such as Ubuntu 14.04: Edit /etc/default/grub Change GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=… to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=”text”. Backup your old grub config`$ sudo cp -n /etc/default/grub /etc/default/grub.bak-date +%s ` Update grub$ sudo update-grub If you are using […]
We may use latex for our papers. So, how to install latex on Ubuntu completely? The easiest way is running following command. $ sudo apt-get install texlive-full Answered by harryxiyou.
I am using Linux Ming 17 Qiana. How to install MATE on Linux Mint 17? In Linux Mint, the package that installs MATE is ‘mint-meta-mate’: $ sudo aptitude install mint-meta-mate Answered by Eric Z Ma.
I need to add nomodeset to make my GPU card work on Linux. Latest Fedora and Ubuntu and their derives use grub2. How to add nomodeset permanently to grub2 on Fedora and Ubuntu? The parameters grub2 will use are stored in its grub.cfg file. The grub.cfg file is generated from grub’s default settings file /etc/default/grub. […]
When we compile some project, it needs older version gcc/g++ version. So how to insall older ones in ubuntu? Install older gcc/g++ version sudo apt-get install gcc-4.4 g++-4.4 g++-4.4-multilib gcc-4.4-multilib Set gcc/g++ version to be used automatically sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.4 50 sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/g++ gcc /usr/bin/g++-4.4 50 You may need to […]
I cannot login desktop in Ubuntu Precise. It told me following errors: Could not write bytes: Broken Pipe… Check Battery Satte Actually, I tried many ways to solve this problem. It seems that something wrong with my lightdm software so, at last, I use gdm software to replace lightdm to kill this problem. Just install […]
How to list all running system service on Linux Mint 17.1? You can use initctl to list all services: initctl list Answered by Eric Z Ma.
How to configure iptables and make the configuration persistent across system restarting on Linux Mint 17.1? You can use the ‘iptables-persistent’ tool. To install iptables-persistency pachage: sudo aptitude install iptables-persistent The you can manipulate the iptables by the ‘iptables’ command. To save the current iptables rules: sudo /etc/init.d/iptables-persistent store It will store the rules for […]
How to install musl libc on Linux Mint 17/Ubuntu 14.04? You can install musl libc on Linux Mint 17 by sudo aptitude install musl musl-dev musl-tools Answered by Eric Z Ma. One note: If you want to install a newer version of musl libc than the one from Ubuntu repo, you can use this ppa: […]
How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux? With aptitude, you can use this command to show the available versions of a package: aptitude versions <package name> In the console GUI, aptitude also show the versions. You may also simulate installation of a package and see which version will be installed: aptitude […]
I prefer Linux Mint (I am using Cinnamon) not automatically mounting a portable storage such as USB disk or iPhone for me and I would like do the mounting manually if I need it. The default behavior of Linux Mint is to automatically mount the disks. How to disable this? The auto mounting on Linux […]
How to list all files from a .deb package like rpm -ql on RPM based systems? Use this command dpkg -L pkg_name More on the dpkg command, check dpkg manual. Answered by Eric Z Ma.
How to install latest version of Calibre? The version from my distro (Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora) seem at 1.xx while the latest Calibre is already at 2.x. You may check Caibre website’s instruction: http://calibre-ebook.com/download_linux sudo -v && wget -nv -O- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kovidgoyal/calibre/master/setup/linux-installer.py | sudo python -c “import sys; main=lambda:sys.stderr.write(‘Download failedn’); exec(sys.stdin.read()); main()” Answered by Eric Z […]
How to find which package can be installed for a file, like “yum provides”? That is, the package is not installed yet and I do not know the package for a file that I want. The apt-file tool can do the similar things as yum provides. You may need to install it first by sudo […]
How to install node.js on Ubuntu/Linux Mint? This is how I install node.js on Linux Mint: # aptitude install nodejs nodejs-legacy npm The nodejs-legacy makes sure the command node will invoke node.js. Answered by Eric Z Ma.
How to find all available versions of a package in dpkg, apt-get or aptitude? To list available versions of a package: apt-cache showpkg <package-name> For example, to check all versions of thunderbird: $ sudo apt-cache showpkg thunderbird Package: thunderbird Versions: 1:31.1.1+build1-0ubuntu0.14.04.1 (/var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-updates_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-security_main_binary-amd64_Packages) Description Language: File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_binary-amd64_Packages MD5: 68ed1001b79d708ad48956a0c129114d Description Language: en File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_i18n_Translation-en MD5: […]
I installed Linux Mint 17 in the traditional BIOS mode. However, Windows 8.1 on my computer can only boot in the UEFI mode. I do not want to reinstall the Windows or erase it. How to turn a BIOS-based Linux Mint 17 installation to UEFI booting? You may refer https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UEFIBooting for some information. Answered by […]
How to find which package provides a file in Debian based releases, such as Linux Mint, Ubuntu? You can use dpkg: dpkg -S /path/to/the/file Or for a command file such as ps2pdf: dpkg -S `which ps2pdf` Answered by Eric Z Ma.
How to find whether a package is installed on Linux Mint? For example, I would like to check whether ghostscript is installed. Using dpkg: dpkg -l List all available packages (installed and not installed): apt-cache pkgnames Answered by Eric Z Ma.
How to set up the driver for an HP printer on Linux Mint or Ubuntu? First install the packages: sudo aptitude install hplip hplip-gui Then run sudo hp-setup and follow the GUI instructions to set up the printer. Answered by Eric Z Ma.