How to make Ubuntu Linux boot to text mode?

My Ubuntu boots to GUI mode by default. How to make Ubuntu Linux boot to text mode? If you are using Ubuntu older than 16 such as Ubuntu 14.04: Edit /etc/default/grub Change GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=… to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=”text”. Backup your old grub config`$ sudo cp -n /etc/default/grub /etc/default/grub.bak-date +%s ` Update grub$ sudo update-grub If you are using […]

how to install older version gcc/g++ in Ubuntu (other linux distro are similar)

When we compile some project, it needs older version gcc/g++ version. So how to insall older ones in ubuntu? Install older gcc/g++ version sudo apt-get install gcc-4.4 g++-4.4 g++-4.4-multilib gcc-4.4-multilib Set gcc/g++ version to be used automatically sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.4 50 sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/bin/g++ gcc /usr/bin/g++-4.4 50 You may need to […]

How to configure iptables on Linux Mint 17.1?

How to configure iptables and make the configuration persistent across system restarting on Linux Mint 17.1? You can use the ‘iptables-persistent’ tool. To install iptables-persistency pachage: sudo aptitude install iptables-persistent The you can manipulate the iptables by the ‘iptables’ command. To save the current iptables rules: sudo /etc/init.d/iptables-persistent store It will store the rules for […]

How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux?

How to find the available packages’ versions with aptitude on Linux? With aptitude, you can use this command to show the available versions of a package: aptitude versions <package name> In the console GUI, aptitude also show the versions. You may also simulate installation of a package and see which version will be installed: aptitude […]

How to install latest version of Calibre?

How to install latest version of Calibre? The version from my distro (Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora) seem at 1.xx while the latest Calibre is already at 2.x. You may check Caibre website’s instruction: http://calibre-ebook.com/download_linux sudo -v && wget -nv -O- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kovidgoyal/calibre/master/setup/linux-installer.py | sudo python -c “import sys; main=lambda:sys.stderr.write(‘Download failedn’); exec(sys.stdin.read()); main()” Answered by Eric Z […]

How to find all available versions of a package in dpkg, apt-get or aptitude?

How to find all available versions of a package in dpkg, apt-get or aptitude? To list available versions of a package: apt-cache showpkg <package-name> For example, to check all versions of thunderbird: $ sudo apt-cache showpkg thunderbird Package: thunderbird Versions: 1:31.1.1+build1-0ubuntu0.14.04.1 (/var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-updates_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-security_main_binary-amd64_Packages) Description Language: File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_binary-amd64_Packages MD5: 68ed1001b79d708ad48956a0c129114d Description Language: en File: /var/lib/apt/lists/archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty_main_i18n_Translation-en MD5: […]

How to turn a BIOS-based Linux Mint 17 installation to UEFI booting?

I installed Linux Mint 17 in the traditional BIOS mode. However, Windows 8.1 on my computer can only boot in the UEFI mode. I do not want to reinstall the Windows or erase it. How to turn a BIOS-based Linux Mint 17 installation to UEFI booting? You may refer https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UEFIBooting for some information. Answered by […]