MFC程序使用系统风格界面

VC6默认编译出来的程序在XP下Luma风格下运行也是Windows的经典界面, 有损界面的美观与统一. VC2008默认设置下如果不是使用的unicode也是如此. 本文给出使VC6和VC2008可以编译出使用系统界面风格的解决方案.

1. 使VC6编译出使用系统风格的程序

步骤如下:

1) 创建一个.manifest文件的资源.

在res/文件夹下创建一个跟以程序名加.manifest的文件, 如果程序为test.exe, 则创建test.exe.manifest
文件可由此下载:
http://fclose.com/t/g/programming/resultcollector.manifest/

注意要使用utf-8编码保存。

2) 将新定义的资源加入到.rc2文件中, 类型设为24.

打开res/文件夹下的.rc2文件, 在其中加入如下定义:

1 24 MOVEABLE PURE "res/test.exe.manifest"

其中的文件地址按1)步中修改的设置即可.

之后编译即可, 为了使程序界面可能充分利用系统的界面特性, 可以将界面字体设置为TrueType类型的, 利用Windows XP等系统的屏幕字体平滑特性.

2. 使VC2008编译出使用系统风格的程序

在VC2008下就比较简单了, 如果程序字符集使用unicode则默认就是使用系统界面风格的, 如果选择其它的类型, 则编辑下stdafx.h即可.

最后面部分找到这么一段:

#ifdef _UNICODE
#if defined _M_IX86
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='x86' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#elif defined _M_IA64
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='ia64' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#elif defined _M_X64
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='amd64' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#else
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='*' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#endif
#endif

修改为如下即可:

#if defined _M_IX86
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='x86' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#elif defined _M_IA64
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='ia64' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#elif defined _M_X64
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='amd64' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#else
#pragma comment(linker,"/manifestdependency:"type='win32' name='Microsoft.Windows.Common-Controls' version='6.0.0.0' processorArchitecture='*' publicKeyToken='6595b64144ccf1df' language='*'"")
#endif

Updated history
7 Mar. 2010. Format the code.
Oct. 19, 2011. Format the titles.

Eric Zhiqiang Ma

Eric is interested in building high-performance and scalable distributed systems and related technologies. The views or opinions expressed here are solely Eric's own and do not necessarily represent those of any third parties.

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