Release Notes For Linux v2.0

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This is the release notes for linux release v2.0 (source code: linux-2.0.tar.gz) with format adjusted by removing/replacing tabs/spaces/new lines/formatting marks. This notes document can give us an understanding of the early development of the Linux kernel. The original ASCII formatted version is at the end of this post. Intro This document contains a list of
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5 necessary PC hardware that a programmer needs to upgrade

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The world of technology has evolved drastically over the last few decades. Almost every aspect of our lives is dominated by technology. At the heart of technology lies computer programming. Computer programming is what dictates the success of the technology. I mean think about it, your smartphone, PC, ETC they all rely on programming. This
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New Linux Kernel 5.0: Features and Improvements

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Linux is the most used and well-known open-source operating system for computers, mobile devices, servers, and mainframes, etc. Linux has so many awesome features to serve its users like Live CD/USB. And it is fast, easy and free to use by computers around the world. The kernel is referred to as the essential component of
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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler?

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What is the difference between work conserving I/O scheduler and non-work conserving I/O scheduler? In a work-conserving mode, the scheduler must choose one of the pending requests, if any, to dispatch, even if the pending requests are far away from the current disk head position. The rationale for non-work-conserving schedulers, such as the anticipatory scheduler
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What’s wrong with the messages like “UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC” and “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” on Linux?

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I keep seeing messages in dmesg as follows with “exception Emask 0x10” -> “SError: { UnrecovData 10B8B BadCRC }” -> “failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED” -> “hard resetting link”: [ 7395.936692] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x10 SAct 0xe000 SErr 0x280100 action 0x6 frozen [ 7395.936701] ata4.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error [ 7395.936703] ata4: SError: {
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How to fix “Your profile could not be opened correctly.” on Linux?

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I experience the program on Linux (Fedora 12) that Chrome reports “Your profile could not be opened correctly.” as follows. How to fix it? Restarting Chrome would not help. Removing the ‘Web Data’ directories from all profiles works for me (Making backup first as the commands will remove your files): cd ~/.config/google-chrome find ./ -name
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How to compress lists of consecutive citation numbers to one range in Latex?

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How to compress lists of consecutive citation numbers to one number range in Latex? For example, change [14], [15], [16], [17], [19] to [14-17], [19] That will save some space for the paper/document written in latex. The cite package is great from my experience. You just need to add usepackage{cite} in the document’s preamble and
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Multi-connection multi-part file downloading tools on Linux

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Is there any good multi-connection multi-part file downloading tools on Linux? wget is great but can only make 1 connection for 1 file. Sometimes, it is too slow on some networks. I use aria2 which supportsmMulti-connection download. aria2 can download a file from multiple sources/protocols and tries to utilize your maximum download bandwidth. Really speeds
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How to get a Makefile’s directory for including other Makefiles

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I experience this problem: I have a file common.mk that includes release.mk which in the same directory. common.mk is included by the top-level Makefile. common.mk and release.mk are shared by multiple projects and the top-level Makefile may stay in different directories with {common,release}.mk. Now, include in make use the pwd as base directory. So, simply
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Parameterised AngularJS Routing in Asp.net MVC using $routeProvider

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In this post, asp.net development India based professionals will brief you about the interesting feature of AngularJS, that I Routing. You will learn the method to split the single page into multiple views. For more info, read the article. In this article we are going to see one of the most useful feature of AngularJS
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How to Disable and Enable Laptop Keyboard for X.org Server in Linux

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Attaching a USB keyboard to a laptop is common when using a laptop because a normal keyboard may provide a more convenient typing experience. The laptop keyboard is not used in these situations. However, the laptop keyboard may still be touched by accident. In this post, we will discuss how to disable and enable the
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How to Upload Large Files to Amazon S3 with AWS CLI

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Amazon S3 is a widely used public cloud storage system. S3 allows an object/file to be up to 5TB which is enough for most applications. The AWS Management Console provides a Web-based interface for users to upload and manage files in S3 buckets. However, uploading a large files that is 100s of GB is not
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How to Print PowerPoint Poster by HP Designjet 500 Plotter

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First time getting my hand on a plotter (HP Designjet 500) directly to print a poster, I found it was an interesting experience. But configuring the printer settings was not that straightforward compared to using normal office A4 printers. I took photos of how it was configured for reference of my own and also those
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Lazy Linux Admins Going to Server Rooms Less: Forced Reboot, Auto Reboot after Kernel Panic and Email Notification after Reboot

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Having to go the the server room to reset servers is the most headache thing for admins managing a cluster of Linux servers in a remote site. Either you can ping the server but can not ssh to it, or you even can not ping it. There are various reasons that may cause a Linux
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Improving Fedora Font Rendering with Open Software and Fonts Only

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It is continuously discussed that some Fedora users do not like the font rendering in Fedora Linux and there are solutions to improve the font rendering with potentially non-free or non-licensed software/fonts. However, with only the open source fonts and software and little tricks, the font rendering on Fedora can be quite good. In this
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How to Install, Run and Uninstall VMware Player and VirtualBox on Fedora Linux

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VMware Player and VirtualBox are two cool and free full virtualization solutions and both can run on top of a Linux host. In this post, I introduce how to install, run, and uninstall VMware Player and VirtualBox on Fedora Linux. VMware Player Install VMware Player Download the installation bundle from VMware’s website. For example, the
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Improving ssh/scp Performance by Choosing Suitable Ciphers

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Update on Oct. 9, 2014: You should be aware of the possible security problems of blowfish and it is suggested not to be used. Instead, you may consider ChaCha20 as suggested by Tony Arcieri. To use this with OpenSSH, you need to specify the Ciphers in your .ssh/config files as chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com possibly with another default
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