mmap a large range of memory which is larger than the total size of physical memory and swap

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How to make mmap() a large range of memory which is larger than the total size of physical memory and swap successfully? Short answer: Adding the MAP_NORESERVE flag to mmap() to make it not reserve any swap space for the mapping. For example: rr_addr = mmap((void*)i, len, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_NORESERVE, -1, 0); More details in: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4803152/mmap-fails-when-length-is-larger-than-4gb

mmap a large range of memory which is larger than the total size of physical memory and swap

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How to make mmap() a large range of memory which is larger than the total size of physical memory and swap successfully? Short answer: Adding the MAP_NORESERVE flag to mmap() to make it not reserve any swap space for the mapping. For example: rr_addr = mmap((void*)i, len, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_NORESERVE, -1, 0); More details in: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4803152/mmap-fails-when-length-is-larger-than-4gb

No battery status icon on the top panel in Gnome Shell

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  The battery icon in Gnome 3 Gnome-shell is missing. How can I fix it?   The system-monitor extension ( https://extensions.gnome.org/extension/120/system-monitor/ ) has a option to enable/disable the battery icon. This extension also shows the CPU/memory/network status which I miss as in Gnome 2. Great extension! The upower service may fail to start if an iPhone is
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How to Export an NFSv4 Server to External Networks

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We ever discussed fixing ports used by NFSv3 so that it can be easily exported to external networks. For NFSv4.1 or higher, things are much easier. The ports for mountd, statd, and lockd are not required in a pure NFSv4 environment. We have less ports to control or allow for connections. Only port 111 and
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A Beginners’ Guide to x86-64 Instruction Encoding

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The encoding of x86 and x86-64 instructions is well documented in Intel or AMD’s manuals. However, they are not quite easy for beginners to start with to learn encoding of the x86-64 instructions. In this post, I will give a list of useful manuals for understanding and studying the x86-64 instruction encoding, a brief introduction
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QEMU/KVM Network Mechanisms

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Introduction As we know, network subsystems are important in computer systems since they are I/O systems and need to be optimized with many algorithms and skills. This article will introduce how QEMU/KVM [2] network part works. In order to put everything simple and easy to understand, we will begin with several examples and then understand
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How to Install Paravirtualized CentOS 7 DomU on Xen

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This post introduces how to install a paravirtualized CentOS 7 DomU on Xen. The very common way of installing DomU does not work for CentOS 7. A little trick to set the repository and the network used by the VM should be used by adding a setting strings to the “extra=” field for this VM.
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Notes for Beginners of Software Development on Linux

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Linux is a great platform for software development targeting servers or backends. In general, working on Linux is very productive. The problem that beginners on Linux face is the the learning curve is steep at the beginning. But believe me, after you get through the initial green steep learning step as in the figure below
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SSD Enabled For DreamHost Shared Hosting: Simple Performance Measurement

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SSD is common for VPS and PaaS virtual machines for higher I/O performance. Now, it is coming to shared hosting too. DreamHost states that "Now with solid state drives (SSDs), our standard web hosting loads pages 200% faster". We ourselves are happy to know this performance improvement with the price kept the same. Good work,
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Lazy Linux Admins Going to Server Rooms Less: Forced Reboot, Auto Reboot after Kernel Panic and Email Notification after Reboot

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Having to go the the server room to reset servers is the most headache thing for admins managing a cluster of Linux servers in a remote site. Either you can ping the server but can not ssh to it, or you even can not ping it. There are various reasons that may cause a Linux
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How to Configure Linux Kernel Video Mode for 32-bit and 16-bit Boot Protocols

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The Linux kernel has a generic driver for a graphic framebuffer named vesafb on intel boxes. It provides a nice large console for most of modern displays. Setting VESA modes for Linux kernel with 32-bit and 16-bit boot protocol are different. We introduce both methods here. Linux kernel with 32-bit boot protocol For machine with
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Hadoop Installation Tutorial (Hadoop 2.x)

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Hadoop 2 or YARN is the new version of Hadoop. It adds the yarn resource manager in addition to the HDFS and MapReduce components. Hadoop MapReduce is a programming model and software framework for writing applications, which is an open-source variant of MapReduce designed and implemented by Google initially for processing and generating large data
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How to Create Fedora 20 Domain-U on Fedora 20 Domain-0

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In this post, creating a file-backed virtual block device (VBD) and installing Fedora 20 in the Xen DomU via internet will be introduced. This domain is created on a Fedora 20 Dom0 as introduced in https://www.systutorials.com/installing-xen-on-fedora-20-as-domain-0/. For better performance, you may consider using LVM backed VM. Create file-backed VBD The actual space of VBD will
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Installing Xen on Fedora 20 as Domain-0

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I ever introduced [[installing-xen-domain-0-on-fedora-17]] as the first try to use the xen package delivered from Fedora and get away from manually compiling Xen and patching the kernel. In this post, I introduce installing Xen Dom0 on Fedora 20. Installing Xen First, install the xen pacakges: # yum install xen The Linux kernel is already ready
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How to Catch the Signal Sent by Kill in C on Linux

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Programs may want to catch the kill signals sent by the kill command in C programs on Linux so that it can gracefully shutdown itself before it is killed. For example, I have a daemon progd running, and it may be killed by pkill progd. The progd may want to save some in-memory state to
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Accelerating WordPress with WP Super Cache, Opcache and Autoptimize

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WordPress can be very fast after some effort on performance optimization with the help from its plenty of plugins. Possible ways include using cache to cut down the number of database queries, improves HTML/JavaScript/CSS code, and optimizing PHP’s performance with opcode cache. In this post, we introduce how to speed up WordPress with OPcache, page
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RAII-like Error Handling and Resource Management in C

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Error handling and resource management are pervasive in programs. RAII originated in C++ is great. With RAII, it is much easier to write easy-to-read code that allocats/deallocats resources in the constructor/destructors. By representing a resource with a local object, we are sure that local object’s destructor will release the resource and will not forget to
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How to Statically Link C and C++ Programs on Linux with gcc

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Before statically linking you C and C++ programs, you should be aware of the drawbacks of the static linking especially with glibc. There are some good discussions already: with glibc you’re linking static programs which are not really static and some others here and here. That said, you can choose to statically link C and
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