What are the differences between NUMA architecture and SMP architecture?

NUMA Architecture: Non-Uniform Memory Access architecture. SMP: Symmetric Multiprocessing architecture. In a Symmetric Multiprocessor, the architectural “distance” to any memory location is the same for all processors, i.e. “symmetric”. In a NonUniform Memory Access machine, each processor is “closer” to some memory locations than others; i.e. memory is partitioned among them Asymmetrically. From my understanding, […]

What’s the difference between memory coherence and consistency?

In memory hierarchical, it needs to be coherence and consistency. However, they are different things. What are the differences? Memory coherence: a memory system is coherent if any read of a data item returns the most recently written value of that data item (what values can be returned by a read). Memory consistency: A memory […]