Spring Shell Technology For Java development

This post is about the Spring Shell technology and its use in java. Experts of java development India have shared their best knowledge in this post for Spring Shell with the community people. If you have anything to ask, do it at the end. Technology: It is command line tool for Java applications to interact with java applications using spring shell framework. » Read more

How to Change Systemd Boot Target on Linux

Many Linux distros, such as RHEL/CentOS 7, Fedora, Ubuntu 16, are now using systemd instead of init as the init system. It is common for Linux users to set Linux to boot to “GUI” or “Text” mode. The old way of changing ‘/etc/inittab’ for choosing Linux runlevels is not working for sytemd. This post will introduce the way for systemd systems to select the “runlevels”. » Read more

How to Disable and Enable Laptop Keyboard in Linux

Attaching a USB keyboard to a laptop is common when using a laptop because a normal keyboard may provide a more convenient typing experience. The laptop keyboard is not used in these situations. However, the laptop keyboard may still be touched by accident. In this post, we will discuss how to disable and enable the laptop keyboard in Linux. I will also provide scripts ready for you to directly use them for disabling/enabling the laptop keyboard. » Read more

How to Get Bash Script’s Own Path

Bash script may need to get its own path. In normal Bash script, $0 is the path to the script. However, when a script is sourced, such as . a.sh, a.sh‘s $0 does not give a.sh while the caller’s name. How to reliably get a bash script’s own path no matter whether the Bash script is executed or sourced is introduced in this post. » Read more

How to Set the Static IP Address Using CLI in Fedora/CentOS Linux

How to set the static IP address for CentOS 7/Fedora 22+ is introduced in this post. Here, we assume the Linux is using NetworkManager to manage the network. All steps are done as root. Find the interface you want to set the address ∞ Command ifconfig -a lists all interfaces. Find the interface name to set, such as enp2s0. datacenter-servers.jpg Edit the interface’s configuration file ∞ For interface NAME, the configuration file is stored in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-NAME. » Read more

Notes for Beginners of Software Development on Linux

Linux is a great platform for software development targeting servers or backends. In general, working on Linux is very productive. The problem that beginners on Linux face is the the learning curve is steep at the beginning. But believe me, after you get through the initial green steep learning step as in the figure below with some hard work, you will feel like working on a rocket in the yellow part. » Read more

Running a Command Upon Files or Directories Changes on Linux

Doing actions upon changes of files and directories is very useful. Examples like compiling a project after the source code files are changed, sending emails after important configuration files are modified, building the PDF after a TeX file is modified. On Linux, the inotify-tools provide good support for trigger actions after changes. In this post, I will introduce a small tool do-after-change.sh which continuously runs a command upon certain files and directories change. » Read more

Improving ssh/scp Performance by Choosing Suitable Ciphers

Update on Oct. 9, 2014: You should be aware of the possible security problems of blowfish and it is suggested not to be used. Instead, you may consider ChaCha20 as suggested by Tony Arcieri. To use this with OpenSSH, you need to specify the Ciphers in your *.ssh/config* files as chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com possibly with another default one since only newer vesion of OpenSSH supports it. » Read more

Making Emacs Startup Faster

I use Emacs in terminals and start/close Emacs frequently as needed like in a file checking-editing-closing loop. However, Emacs seems take some time to start up especially some heavy modes are used. How to make Emacs start up faster? (If you just want the solution/script first, find the command in the summary section.) My solution is to make use of the server/client feature of Emacs ∞ This is how it works. » Read more

Customizing Fonts in Gnome 3

Gnome 3 is great and I can understand that it emphasizes on simplicity. However, the configuration settings for Gnome 3 does not provide tools for certain functions that I need. One of them is customizing the fonts. This post will summarize the tools/tips that I adopted to customize the fonts in Gnome 3. Usually, the settings will take effect after being changed. » Read more

Vim Howtos and Tips

Vim is a fast and handy editor on *nix systems. Like Emacs, Vim has a steep learning curve as you get constantly get new things. However, the effort deserves it as you efficiency is highly improved. Here, I summarize the tips and howtos I learned using Vim. Some previous posts on vim are tagged with vim.Table of Contents [hide]1 My .vimrc and .vim file1.1 How to use these files2 Previous posts tagged vim 3 Latex Writing in Vim with the Help of vim-latex3.1 master file 3.2 List references to sections, figure and tables to insert 3.3 List citations from the bibtex file to insertMy .vimrc and .vim file ∞ My .vimrc and .vim files: https://github.com/zma/vim-config How to use these files ∞ cd /path/to/vim-config/ git submodule update --init If you never configured Vim: cd ln -s /path/to/vim-config/.vimrc ./ ln -s /path/to/vim-config/.vim ./ If you ever configured your Vim, you may need to merge my configurations to yours. » Read more

How to Set Up A Gitolite Git Server – A Ten-Minute Tutorial

I ever introduced seting up git server using SSH or gitosis. However, gitolite is the way to go for managing git servers if you want an lightweight authentication layer. gitolite provides many very usefull features which can control each user’s right on each branch. I set up one gitolite git server and am very happy with it. In this post, let’s look at how to set up one gitolite git server. » Read more

Connecting to Remote Servers by VNC on Windows

Software you will need 1, Putty 2, Real VNC viewer 3, twm (lightweight desktop). On fedora (centos, redhat): sudo yum install twm (on other distros, you may need other commands, or download source code and install it). Specific steps ∞ 1, Enter your Host name and port in putty. 1_9.jpg 2, Set port forwarding in putty Tunnels. 1_7.jpg 3, Start vncserver in the server side. » Read more

Floating Point in Bash Shell

Integers are natively supported in Bash shell. However, what if we use floating point in Bash shell? The short and direct answer is using ‘bc‘ command – “An arbitrary precision calculator language.” Just run bc  and enter some floating point calculation expression, such as “1.2+8.2”, bc will give the result. In a script, we certainly need a more automatic way. » Read more

Emacs Tips and Howtos

With Emacs, I feel happy. I love the rich functions of Emacs, such as compiling, quickly jumping to the lines with compilation error and debugging with gdb, and more. I ever wrote small tips posts about Emacs before. But it is a good idea to put them together and keep adding new ones. Here comes this post on Emacs tip and howtos, more or less like a cheat sheet and FAQ. » Read more

Flushing iptables on Fedora

iptables is a mechanism in Linux kernel for port forwarding, NAT, firewalls etc. In Linux distros, such as Fedora, the iptables is configured to be as a “strict” firewall that opens a limited know ports, such as 22 for SSH. However, in some network environment, such as a private cluster, the nodes are trusted and firewalls are usually not needed. We may flush the default iptables to make it accept all connections and add rules as needed. » Read more

Setting MATE as Default Desktop Environment for startx on Fedora

I ever discussed Starting KDE from Command Line by startx for KDE and GNOME. Recently, I installed MATE desktop on Fedora 17 and am very happy with it—dear, Gnome 2 is back. However, I checked the /etc/X11/xinit/Xclients script which is called by ‘startx’ and it only includes ‘startkde’ and ‘gnome-session’ without support to MATE. But that’s find, let’s configure it by ourselves. » Read more

Setting Default Entry in Grub2 and Grub

Linux booting is usually controlled by Grub or the new Grub2. Setting the default booting entry is a frequent operations. Here, we introduce how to set the default entry in Grub2 and Grub. Setting the default booting entry in grub2 Note1: With some version of grub2, the grub2-set-default method and the script below may not work. You can check the “Setting default boot entry for grub2 in /etc/default/grub” method below. » Read more